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Germany's Chancellor Angela Merkel has inaugurated the "first refinery of second generation" biofuels in Freiberg. The plant, owned by Choren, which partners with car companies VW and Daimler and the Shell oil company, produces BTL (biomass-to-liquid) fuel from any kind of biomass, such as wood chips, straw, weeds or leftover milk rejected by the agrofood industry.

Volkswagen has bought a German biofuels manufacturer CHOREN Industries GmbH to help promote their development of their second generation synthetic fuel. CHOREN is developing biomass-to-liquid technology that can produce sulfur-free diesel from many kinds of biomass feed-stocks. The company has the first commercial scale BTL plant in progress right now in Freiburg, Germany and it should start production in the first half of 2008. Volkswagen, along with Daimler, has been working with CHOREN to dev

A new synthetic diesel fuel produced using a Fischer-Tropsch process based biomass-to-liquids (BTL) technology, and developed by Shell and Choren Industries, will be launched in Europe later this year.