Norway is Europe's undisputed electric vehicle leader. It is also Europe's largest oil producer. The way these two facts intertwine is what The Globe And Mail calls "ironisk," the Norwegian word for, well, you can probably guess.
Although the Arctic has incredible potential energy resources – the United States Geological Survey (USGS) estimates 90 billion barrels of undiscovered oil and 1,668 trillion cubic feet of undiscovered gas – extracting that fuel will be costly.
On average, about one third of an oil field’s capacity is actually extracted, leaving behind the other two thirds. The reason being the oil is actually being held in small spaces between grains of sand of sandstone layers. No matter what we do, there will always be about one third of the oil coating the insides of the rock, unrecoverable by any currently known method. Researchers at MIT are trying to improve on the ratio of extracted versus left behind oil, and point out that increasing th