BMW says that battery cost and capacity will be a concern for the foreseeable future. With the technology slow to evolve in terms of energy density and manufacturing costs, BMW's vice president of electric powertrain development, Stefan Juraschek, says, "We simply have to walk through the valley of tears" until automakers figure it out. BMW expects it will take seven years for battery capacity to double what it is now. In order to rein in spending, the automaker is looking at ways to incorporate battery technology into existing models. Read more from Automotive News Europe.
Madrid is banning most cars from its city center for nine days this month. Ahead of Christmas, and covering two national holidays, the city will restrict all but residents of the area, buses, and cabs from driving in the specified zone. Not only does this make it easier for shoppers and other pedestrians to get around the core of the city, but it also helps pollution at a time of year when a seasonal inversion usually blankets the city with smog. In the future, Madrid plans to reduce the number of cars in this area by reducing the number of lanes and expanding sidewalks along the busy Gran Via. Madrid will also build car parks to encourage the use of public transit, which will include a growing fleet of electric buses. Read more from CityLab.