SolaRoad, which is located in Krommenie in the Netherlands (about 15 miles northwest of Amsterdam), has attracted more than 150,000 bike riders since its November 2014 opening. More importantly, it's generated more than 3,000 kilowatt hours of energy. That's enough to generate enough electricity to power a one-person household for a year. Beats a bike pump to the head.
There have been some minor issues, of course, such as part of the path delaminating with temperature changes, and that required a new batch of coating. But overall, the first part of the three-year experiment is being judged an early success as far as power generation. Beyond that, the road includes sensors that can eventually be used to throw out traffic data and could potentially include a system that can wirelessly send power to vehicles. But those are stories for another day. In the meantime, take a look at SolaRoad's press release below.
First six months of the pilot phase successful
The energy yield of SolaRoad, the first road in the world that generates solar electricity, is beyond expectation. "We did not expect a yield as high as this so quickly." Says Sten de Wit, spokesman of SolaRoad. "The bike road opened half a year ago and already generated over 3,000 kWh. This can provide a single-person household with electricity for a year, or power an electric scooter to drive of 2.5 times around the world. If we translate this to an annual yield, we expect more than the 70 kWh per square meter per year, which we predicted as an upper limit in the laboratory stage. We can therefore conclude that it was a successful first half year." SolaRoad was developed by TNO, the Province of Noord-Holland, Ooms Civiel and Imtech.
Improvements and acceptance
SolaRoad is in a pilot phase for a three year period, where various measurements and tests are being performed as input to further development. One of the goals of the field test in Krommenie is the detection and curing of teething issues at an early stage. At the end of December 2014 and in early Spring of 2015 a small section of the coating the SolaRoad cycle path delaminated. Research has shown that large temperature fluctuations can cause local delamination due to shrinkage in the coating. Repairs have been made and the development of an improved top layer is now in an advanced stage. Since the opening, more than 150.000 cyclists crossed SolaRoad. They hardly notice it is a special path, therefore our goal of acceptance has also been achieved.
Since the official opening in November 2014 by Minister Kamp, SolaRoad has attracted significant national and international attention and interest. Meanwhile, discussions about follow-up pilots are taking place with other provinces in the Netherlands. The province of North Holland has signed a cooperation agreement with the US state of California, which involves SolaRoad.
The first road in the world that generates electricity
SolaRoad is a living lab of about 70 meters and consists of a cycle path constructed of concrete modules of 2.5 to 3.5 meters. In one lane, solar cells are fitted underneath a tempered glass top layer of approximately 1 cm thickness, covered by a transparent and skid resistant coating. There are no solar cells embedded in the other lane; this lane is used for reference and to test various coatings. The solar electricity from the road is fed into the electricity grid and can be used, for example, for street lighting, traffic systems, households and (eventually) electric cars that drive over it. This first piece of SolaRoad is located in Krommenie, along the provincial road N203, near the Texaco garage on the railway track side (GPS data: 52.493875, 4.767134). SolaRoad is an unique innovation and a great example of a successful public private cooperation.