WASHINGTON — House Republicans are proposing to eliminate a $7,500 tax credit for electric vehicles that could hurt automakers like General Motors, Tesla and Nissan that are selling larger numbers of EVs — and others such as Volkswagen, Volvo, Mercedes, Ford who are rushing to electrify their fleets.
Current law allows automakers to use the credit, which phases out after an automaker hits 200,000 plug-in vehicles sold. Electric vehicles have expensive batteries that make them pricier than gasoline-powered vehicles, so the credit helps level the playing field in the marketplace.
Environmental groups and an auto industry trade group blasted the repeal. GM vowed to fight, saying the credits are "an important customer benefit that can help accelerate the acceptance of electric vehicles." Tesla and Nissan declined to comment.
The House GOP plan, according to a summary made public on Thursday, also calls for repealing and phasing out other energy tax credits, including production and investment tax credit for solar, geothermal, fuel cell, wind energy and other clean energy projects. It would also phase out the credit for residential energy-efficient projects and a credit for producing oil and gas from marginal wells.
Gloria Bergquist, a spokeswoman for the Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers, a trade group representing GM, Toyota, Volkswagen and others, said eliminating the EV tax credit could hurt electric vehicle sales.
"The potential elimination of the federal electric vehicle tax credit will impact the choices of prospective buyers and make the electric vehicle mandate in 10 states — about a third of the market — even more difficult to meet," Bergquist said.
"The EV tax credit repeal would cede U.S. leadership in clean vehicles, putting our companies at a competitive disadvantage and threatening jobs while costing drivers more at the pump and increasing pollution," said Luke Tonachel, director of the National Resources Defense Council's Clean Vehicles and Fuels Project.
Inside EVs, a website that tracks vehicle sales, estimates that the credit would fall to $3,750 per vehicle for GM and Tesla in late 2018 and would end completely in 2019.
Former President Barack Obama repeatedly proposed hiking the tax credit for electric vehicles to $10,000 and converting it to a point-of-sale rebate. Congress did not approve the measure.Automakers face mandates from California and a dozen other states to produce a rising number of zero-emission vehicles and have said the credits are essential to meeting requirements.
GM's electric Chevrolet Bolt is advertised as starting at around $35,000 but would jump to $42,500 without it. Critics say electric vehicle buyers tend to be wealthier than average Americans and do nod need subsidies.
Reporting by David Shepardson