Cars Vegan Vehicles
  • Cars Vegan Vehicles
  • In this Friday, Sept. 4, 2015 photo, Mark Peters, right, and his wife Elizabeth Farrell Peters pose for a photo by their leather-free Tesla Model S, in Hurst, Texas. The Peters, Tesla Motors shareholders, had a simple request for the electric car maker at its annual meeting in June: Stop offering leather interiors and make Tesla the first “cruelty-free” premium brand. (AP Photo/Tony Gutierrez)
  • Image Credit: ASSOCIATED PRESS
Cars Vegan Vehicles
  • Cars Vegan Vehicles
  • This Friday, Sept. 4, 2015 photo shows a license plate that reads "VGNTES" for vegan, on a leather-free Tesla Model S vehicle, in Hurst, Texas. The car belongs to Mark Peters and his wife Elizabeth Farrell Peters, who have been vegans for more than two decades. (AP Photo/Tony Gutierrez)
  • Image Credit: ASSOCIATED PRESS
Cars Vegan Vehicles
  • Cars Vegan Vehicles
  • ** HOLD FOR STORY BY AUTO WRITER DEE-ANN DURBIN ** In this Friday, Sept. 4, 2015 photo, Mark Peters, right, and his wife Elizabeth Farrell Peters pose for a photo by their leather-free Tesla Model S, in Hurst, Texas. The Peters, Tesla Motors shareholders, had a simple request for the electric car maker at its annual meeting in June: Stop offering leather interiors and make Tesla the first “cruelty-free” premium brand. (AP Photo/Tony Gutierrez)
  • Image Credit: ASSOCIATED PRESS
Cars Vegan Vehicles
  • Cars Vegan Vehicles
  • In this Friday, Sept. 4, 2015 photo, Elizabeth Farrell Peters drives her leather-free Tesla Model S, in Hurst, Texas. For car buyers like Peters and her husband Mark, who have been vegans for more than two decades, leather-free choices are limited. The car-buying site Edmunds.com says 78 percent of 2015 model-year vehicles have standard leather seats on at least one trim level. (AP Photo/Tony Gutierrez)
  • Image Credit: ASSOCIATED PRESS
Cars Vegan Vehicles
  • Cars Vegan Vehicles
  • In this Friday, Sept. 4, 2015 photo, the charging cable is attached to one of the Tesla Model S vehicles belonging to Mark Peters and his wife Elizabeth Farrell Peters at their home, in Hurst, Texas. The couple, who are Tesla Motors shareholders, had a simple request for the electric car maker at its annual meeting in June: Stop offering leather interiors and make Tesla the first “cruelty-free” premium brand. Last month, the Peters took delivery of a leather-free Tesla Model S, the second one in their garage. (AP Photo/Tony Gutierrez)
  • Image Credit: ASSOCIATED PRESS
Cars Vegan Vehicles
  • Cars Vegan Vehicles
  • In this Friday, Sept. 4, 2015 photo, Mark Peters drives his leather-free Tesla Model S in Hurst, Texas. Peters and his wife Elizabeth, who are Tesla Motors shareholders, had a simple request for the electric car maker at its annual meeting in June: Stop offering leather interiors and make Tesla the first “cruelty-free” premium brand. (AP Photo/Tony Gutierrez)
  • Image Credit: ASSOCIATED PRESS
Cars Vegan Vehicles
  • Cars Vegan Vehicles
  • In this Friday, Sept. 4, 2015 photo, Mark Peters drives his leather-free Tesla Model S, in Hurst, Texas. Tesla Motors shareholders Peters and his wife Elizabeth Farrell Peters had a simple request for the electric car maker at its annual meeting in June: Stop offering leather interiors and make Tesla the first “cruelty-free” premium brand. (AP Photo/Tony Gutierrez)
  • Image Credit: ASSOCIATED PRESS
Tesla Motors shareholders Mark Peters and Elizabeth Farrell Peters had a simple request for the electric-car maker at its annual meeting in June: Stop offering leather interiors and make Tesla the first "cruelty-free" premium brand. Shareholders rejected the proposal after Tesla's board said it would delay production of its electric cars. But Tesla CEO Elon Musk seemed intrigued. "We'll look into it," he said. Last month, the Peterses took delivery of a leather-free Tesla Model S, the second one in their Hurst, Texas, garage.

For car buyers like the Peterses – who have been vegans for more than two decades – leather-free choices are limited. The car-buying site Edmunds.com says 78 percent of 2015 model-year vehicles have standard leather seats on at least one trim level. In other words, buyers content with basic models can get cloth seats and plastic steering wheels, but as they add options like better engines, heated seats or upgraded speakers, they usually have to add leather seats.

Edmunds says 79 vehicles in the 2015 model year don't require buyers to get leather at any trim level. Those include the Toyota Prius hybrid, the BMW 3 Series and the Volkswagen Jetta. But even some models with cloth or faux-leather seats – like the plug-in hybrid Chevrolet Volt – still have leather-wrapped steering wheels.

That's not likely to change any time soon. Most customers worldwide equate leather with quality, richness and comfort, says Mel Stephens, a spokesman for automotive seat-maker Lear Corp.

"Vinyl is good, but leather is better," he said. "People like natural materials."

Luxury automakers, including Audi and Cadillac, say requests for non-leather interiors are rare. Even when they get them, high-volume automakers can't necessarily stop the assembly line and make a personalized car. Ford won't replace leather seats at the factory, for example, but says dealers can install different seats if a customer requests them.

David Peters of DLP Advisors, a leather-industry consulting firm, forecasts continued growth in automotive leather over the next decade as luxury car sales increase worldwide, particularly in China. Automakers used around 2 billion square feet of leather in 2014, or around 45 million cow hides; that was 17 percent of the global supply of hides. By 2025, that could grow to 25 percent, Peters said.

A vehicle interior usually requires two or three hides; some high-end luxury vehicles, like the Rolls Royce Phantom, use as many as nine.

Environmentalists and animal rights groups say leather tanneries pollute land and water with chemicals like chromium, which the US government classifies as a carcinogen. Raising, processing and transporting livestock also accounts for an estimated 14.5 percent of all greenhouse gas emissions, according to a 2013 report by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization.

Elizabeth Farrell Peters, 42, a dental hygienist and yoga instructor, became a vegetarian as a teen – and later a vegan – after growing up on a veal farm. Her husband, an airline pilot, became concerned about the inhumane treatment of animals after a visit to a slaughterhouse when he was 12. Mark Peters, 51, became a vegan in the early 1990s.

"You have to be honest about what you learn and what you know," he said. "If you put your blinders on, that makes you partially responsible."

Mark Peters was driving a BMW 3 Series with faux-leather seats when he decided to look at a Tesla Model S because he wanted an electric car. Tesla offers cloth seats on case models, but he was annoyed by the standard leather-wrapped steering wheel and the fact that he couldn't get options like heated seats without upgrading to leather. He contacted Tesla in 2012; after a little haggling, the company promised him the non-leather options he wanted at no extra cost, including a hand-built, non-leather steering wheel. He got the car in June 2013.

A year later, the couple decided to order another Tesla, but the premium package they wanted, with perks like trunk lights and a power lift gate, required them to get a leather-wrapped dashboard. This time, Tesla wouldn't budge, so they got a stripped-down, leather-free version, but weren't happy and traded it in. It wasn't until after Tesla's annual meeting in June that the company relented and let them purchase a premium, leather-free Model S.

The Peterses remain hopeful that Tesla will switch to completely leather-free interiors, a move that could have ripple effects across the industry.

"When we buy something, we vote with our dollars," Mark Peters said.

The AP contributed to this report.

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