Auto dealerships claim that the rules will limit what they are able to offer in their showrooms and that they will lose sales of some popular models that feature powerful engines. According to Andrew Koblenz, the National Automobile Dealers Association's general counsel and vice president, "It creates a cross border problem with no environmental benefit whatsoever." At the hearing, it was also claimed that new vehicle prices will go up by $1,000 per vehicle due to the stringent standards.
U.S. Appeals Court Judge Merrick Garland, one of 3 judges presiding over the hearing, said that there is "nothing in the record about the risk of the possibility of having a non-compliant car in a dealership after 2013" because California will honor federal standards for vehicles manufactured between 2012 through 2016. Since California is sticking with the federal standards, why does all this matter? Well, its all about thinking ahead. California wants this waver in the books so they will have better odds of getting approved for a waver in 2017.