Built for the five years before WWII, BMW's sleek 328 roadster is coveted for both its beauty and rarity. Fewer than five hundred were made, and the car featured an advanced tube frame chassis, independent front suspension and a 2.0-liter inline-6 producing 80 horsepower. That might not sound like much, but the 328 weighed just 1830 pounds and could top 100 mph.
The car you see here is a one-off 328 roadster built specifically to race in the 1940 Mille Miglia. In an effort to improve the car's performance, BMW designer Wilhelm Mayrhofer created an especially lightweight and aerodynamic body welded to the tube frame, allowing the engine and drivetrain to sit lower for a better center of gravity. Its design influence can be felt even today, specifically with the 2006 BMW Mille Miglia Concept Coupe.
Seized by the Russians after WWII, the 328 Mille Miglia Büegelfalte spent several years in Eastern Europe, although it was in BMW's care for many years as well. The current owner purchased the car in 2001, and is now offering it for sale at RM's Monaco auction on May 1. Hit the jump for more details on the car or browse through the beautiful high-res gallery below.
[Source: RM Auctions | Photos ©2010 Peter Raider]
"Our Monaco sale will feature some truly outstanding historic cars, but the totally unique nature of this BMW and its fascinating history make it an exceptional opportunity for any collector of significant motor cars", says Max Girardo, managing director of RM Europe.
BMW had been actively involved in sports racing activity in the pre-war years and had enjoyed significant successes with its technically advanced, high-performance 328 model. Chassis 85032 was manufactured in May 1937 as a standard-bodied car for Rudolf Schleicher´s Experimental Department at BMW. The car participated in the 1937 Le Mans with the well-known British driver of the period, A.F.P. Fane, as well as the 1937 Tourist Trophy in the hands of H.G. Dobbs. The following year it participated in the 1938 Mille Miglia and won a notable victory in the 2.0-litre class, again with Fane driving and William James as co-driver. Chassis 85032 subsequently won a Gold medal in the "German Alpenfahrt" with Fritz Roth and "Blasi" Huber, plus an overall win in the same event in 1939. In the autumn of 1939, '85032' was then dismantled by the racing division and the car was significantly re-engineered as an all-new open streamliner destined for use as a factory entry in the 1940 Mille Miglia alongside the two factory fixed-head 'streamliners'.
The beautiful and entirely unique bodywork of '85032' was designed by Wilhelm Kaiser, a very experienced member of BMW`s new design department, "Künstlerische Gestaltung", headed by Chief-Stylist Wilhelm Meyerhuber. The car was built at the factory racing department in Milbertshofen, Germany. The nickname of the car is derived from the creases on the top of the fenders, referred to as 'Büegelfalte' meaning 'trouser crease'. This absolutely genuine and iconic bodywork styling was to become the pattern for a whole generation of post-war sports cars, an influence seen very clearly in cars such as the Jaguar XK120 Roadster.
Amongst the other extensive modifications required to create the car was an intricate tubular steel framework for the body, whilst re-engineering also ran far deeper than chassis and body changes. Key components such as brakes and the Hurth-gearbox were up-rated to cope with the increased performance that was derived from its more powerful 130 PS engine and lighter overall curb weight of 725 kgs.
Of significance to BMW historians, the 'Buegelfalte' is the only special roadster ever built at the BMW factory in Munich; the two other "second series" streamline roadsters (after having been assembled) got their final outer Aluminum body skins by independent coachbuilder, Touring of Milano.
In its new form, chassis 85032 was intensively tested before the 1940 Mille Miglia alongside the two 328 streamline coupes by Ernst Loof, who was the head of the BMW race department. Ultimately, chassis 85032 finished sixth in the 1940 Mille Miglia in the hands of Hans Wencher and Rudolf Scholz, with the 328 Touring coupe of Fritz Huschke von Hanstein and Walter Bauemer victorious that year.
After the war in 1945, the car was part of the reparation payments and was given to the UDSSR and ultimately to Artiom Ivanovich Mikoyan, head of the Mikoyan i Gurevich Design Bureau, best known as the creator of Russian MiG warplanes. His son used the car and eventually traded it with Mr. Giudo Adamson of Riga for a brand new Lada in 1972. Mr. Adamson kept the car until 2001, when, after the collapse of the "Iron Curtain", the car was driven from Riga to Munich and stored by BMW in its museum. The current owner bought this important motor car in 2001. A copy of the Büegelfalte was made and now resides in the BMW Museum.
The Büegelfalte joins an already impressive lineup of cars consigned to RM's inaugural Sporting Classics of Monaco event at the Grimaldi Forum on 1st May, 2010 − the same weekend as the 7th Grand Prix Historique de Monaco. The single-day event is set to present 80 of the world's finest motor cars to an elite assemblage of automotive enthusiasts and collectors from around the world.