GMAC is looking for 75% of its bondholders to participate in a bond buyback, whereby a bondholder would return bonds worth $1,000 and get about $800 worth of bonds with a higher dividend in return. If it gets participation from 75% of it's bondholders, that will give it $28.5 billion, which it can add to $750 million GMAC says has been pledged by shareholders as part of the $2 billion requirement. That's not quite $30 billion, but closer is better than nothing.
The problem is that, for the moment, GMAC has only 25% participation. GMAC said it had a fresh round of bondholders willing to swap, but didn't make it clear whether that would get it to 75%. If it doesn't get the financing to become a bank holding company, GMAC would likely need to declare bankruptcy. And if that happens? Well, GMAC provides inventory financing for 80% of GM vehicles worldwide. Without that source of financing, said Martin NeSmith,"There's so many dealers on the edge, if GMAC goes out of business 30 to 40 percent of dealers won't be able to get financing from anywhere else." And that spells even more trouble -- and bankruptcies -- for everyone.
[Source: Automotive News - Sub. Req.]