The delivered shuttles are equipped with a 6.8-liter V10 that has been supercharged and modified to run on hydrogen only. Ford announces great advantages from these engines, which are internal combustion units, but are able to be hybridized for further pollution savings, plus all-weather capability.
The units were introduced by Mayor Oscar B. Goodman, Sue Cischke, Ford senior vice president of Sustainability, Environment and Safety Engineering, and Sen. Harry Reid (D-NV), who helped to secure the federal grant allowing the city to lease the announced buses.
(Full press release after the jump)
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FORD DELIVERS ULTRA-CLEAN HYDROGEN-POWERED BUSES TO CITY OF LAS VEGAS
Ford is the world's first automaker to deliver dedicated hydrogen internal combustion engine (H2 ICE) powered vehicles to commercial customers.
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* Ford is the world's first automaker to deliver commercial vehicles powered by internal combustion engines that are fueled exclusively with hydrogen.
* The buses will be used as passenger shuttles as part of the Las Vegas City Ride bus program and will be assigned to express routes to and from the city's premium locations.
* Ford is the only automaker with gasoline hybrid-electric vehicles, hydrogen internal combustion engine vehicles, clean diesel, ethanol and hydrogen fuel cell-powered vehicles on the road today.
LAS VEGAS, NV. August 13, 2007 – Ford Motor Company and the city of Last Vegas today announced that they are adding two hydrogen-fueled Ford E-450 buses to the city's fleet, the first city in the Western United States to take delivery of these ultra clean vehicles.
Mayor Oscar B. Goodman will mark the occasion at the West Vehicle Service Center, the city's station that provides fuel for all vehicles powered by internal combustion engines that are fueled exclusively with hydrogen.
"These buses represent part of Ford Motor Company's strategy to deliver transportation solutions that emit less CO 2 and reduce our dependence on oil," said Sue Cischke, Ford senior vice president. Sustainability, Environment and Safety Engineering. "We are pleased to partner with the city of Las Vegas to place these buses into service so that Las Vegas residents and all its visitors will be able to experience this unique form of clean transportation."
"These new buses are another example of the city's continuing commitment to using innovative alternative fuels," Mayor Goodman said. "The city will continue to be a leader when it comes to finding new ways to be environmentally friendly through conservation and cutting edge technology."
Sen. Harry Reid helped to secure the federal grant allowing the city to lease the energy-saving buses.
"These buses will be great for Nevada for two reasons," Sen. Reid said. "First, they will encourage people to use public transportation downtown. Second, they rely on clean energy that won't pollute our air. I am proud to see the city of Las Vegas taking even more steps to reduce Nevada's reliance on oil."
Power for the Ford E-450 shuttle buses is provided by a 6.8-liter V-10 engine that has been supercharged and modified to run exclusively on hydrogen fuel. The first vehicles for the U.S. were delivered last May to the Greater Orlando Airport Authority (GOAA) and the Orlando Convention Central District. Ford delivered five buses to Canada, three in Ottawa and two in Vancouver in late 2006. In all, Ford will deliver 30 buses to customers across North America by year's end.
Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engine Technology
Ford Motor Company believes hydrogen internal combustion engine technology can serve as a bridge to enabling hydrogen to become a viable alternative fuel. Hydrogen fueled internal combustion engines have many advantages, including high efficiency, all-weather capability, and near zero emissions of regulated pollutants and greenhouse gases (CO 2). They also can be hybridized for further gains in fuel efficiency.
While these hydrogen internal combustion engine shuttle buses will provide valuable real-world experience, Ford also is conducting research into next generation hydrogen internal combustion engines, including features such as direct injection to enhance power and fuel economy.
Hydrogen Part of a Broader Effort
Ford's strategy for alternative fuels is built around multiple technologies, including hydrogen internal combustion engines. This flexible approach allows the company to meet goals for customer needs, environmental impact and shareholder interests. The strategy does not focus on one catch-all solution, but offers a flexible array of options, including hybrids, E85 ethanol, clean diesels, bio-diesels, advanced engine and transmission technologies and hydrogen fuel cells.
The company already has a fleet of 30 hydrogen powered Focus fuel cell vehicles on the road as part of a worldwide, seven-city program to conduct real world testing of fuel cell technology. The 30-car fleet has accumulated more than 575,000 miles since its inception in 2005.
Ford also is conducting tests with the world's first plug-in hybrid electric vehicle, the Ford Edge with HySeries Drive. The Ford Edge with HySeries Drive uses a series electric drivetrain with an onboard hydrogen fuel cell generator to give the vehicle a range of 225 miles with zero emissions.
Currently, Ford offers gasoline-electric hybrids including the Escape Hybrid and Mercury Mariner Hybrid. The company will also offer hybrid versions of the Ford Fusion and Mercury Milan in 2008.