His team's lab experiments show that the bacterium Thermatoga neapolitana is able to generate large quantities of hydrogen when given a glucose feedstock. One of the most significant of their findings is that the bacterium was able to produce the hydrogen in an environment in which oxygen was present. Until now, this had only been witnessed in oxygen-free conditions. Van der Lelie stresses the importance of this because removing all of the oxygen from an environment would burden the production process with massive costs.
[Source: Brookhaven National Laboratory via Fuel Cell Today]