It's only November, and there's already a polar vortex heading for the east coast and a couple of feet of snow blanketing parts of the midwest. Winter is ready to make a grand entrance. Such wacky weather has reminded us of the importance of winter car prep.

With a couple months of snow ahead, it's important to keep in mind the ways in which extreme cold can harm your vehicle.

We recently spoke with Pep Boys and they gave us five quick tips for protecting your car against the winter elements. Head on through to see how you can help your ride survive the worst of winter.

Check Your Battery

Check Your Battery

The battery is the part of the car that generally has the most issues when the mercury starts to drop. In fact, your car's battery loses about half of its starting power at 0 degrees.

If your car is going to sit for an entire 24-hour period during times of cold weather, it's a good idea to start the engine up and let it run for 15-20 minutes to ensure that the battery stays charged. This way, you won't find yourself stranded with a dead battery when you need to get somewhere.

Pep Boys also said if your battery is five or more years old, it should be replaced before it dies.
Check Your Tire Pressure

Check Your Tire Pressure

For every 10-degree drop in the outside temperature, your tires lose about a pound of air pressure. You should check your tires often during the winter and add air as needed. Filling them is quick and easy, and can be done at many gas stations.

Under-inflated tires can be a serious safety hazard, especially when the roads are slick, as they impair your car's braking and handling abilities. Tires with low inflation levels (psi) can also be a detriment to your fuel economy.
Check Your Fluids

Check Your Fluids

Fluids can thicken when it's cold outside, making it much more difficult for your car to get the fluids it needs to run properly.

Take a few minutes to make sure that your fluids -- oil, antifreeze, power steering, brake and transmission -- are in good shape and at the proper levels. It's also important to let your car warm up for at least ten minutes before driving anywhere, so that these fluids can flow the way they're intended.

Ensure you have adequate windshield wiper fluid. You'll be using a lot of it, especially in states that put salt on the roads.
Protect Your Windshield Wipers

Protect Your Windshield Wipers

Windshield wipers can freeze and crack in extreme cold. Considering how much you'll use them to clear salt, snow and all the other gunk that comes with the winter months, it's important to keep them in tip-top shape.

You should pull the wipers off the windshield when the car isn't running in order to prevent damage. Get in the habit of replacing your wipers in the fall, while the weather is still warm. Swapping them out in the cold can be a nightmare on your fingers.
Replace Worn Brakes

Replace Worn Brakes

Obviously, you'll want your brakes to be in good condition when the roads are slick and icy. Driving on worn brakes can drastically increase your odds of having a collision when the roads are bad.

If you hear high-pitched squeaking when you apply the brakes, it's time to have them inspected and, if necessary, replaced.


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