Expert Review:New Car Test Drive
New Car Test Drive
Big utility in a mid-size luxury SUV.
The Volvo XC90 is big on safety, comfort and functionality. The 2010 XC90 seats seven passengers, and leather seating, power glass sunroof, rear park assist and third-row climate control are standard equipment. An integrated center booster cushion adds versatility to the second-row seat and eliminates the challenges associated with installing a separate child seat.
The XC90 swallows more cargo than its competitors, and it comes with features that allow quick, easy tailoring for cargo, gear or people. The XC90 is not the sportiest vehicle among luxury-class SUVs, but it handles well on city streets and highways. It rides very comfortably and it's easy to park. With tow ratings ranging starting at 3,970 pounds, it'll tow light boat trailers, personal watercraft, snowmobiles, and other toys.
The standard six cylinder engine is up to all the demands of daily driving and delivers the best value, in our view. It produces 235 horsepower and 236 pound-feet of torque, and it gets an EPA-estimated 15/21 City/Highway.
The upgrade 311-hp V8 adds a bit of excitement for those who put a premium on quick acceleration. The V8 also ups the tow rating to 4,960 pounds. The 4.4-liter V8 was developed to Volvo specifications by Yamaha, the Japanese motorcycle builder and auto engine specialist. The XC90 V8 generates 311 horsepower and 325 pound-feet of torque, with standard all-wheel drive and speed-sensitive power steering.
For 2010, the XC90 V8 model offers an Executive Package, with special soft leather seating surfaces, massage and ventilation for the front seats, heated seats all around, and some unique appearance items. The XC90 was launched as a 2003 model and Volvo freshened its appearance for 2007. The sporty R-Design models joined the lineup for 2009. The 3.2 R-Design continues with minor changes in the 2010 lineup, but the R-Design package is no longer available on the V8.
The fulltime all-wheel-drive system works smoothly in the daily grind without any penalty in EPA fuel economy, and it's truly welcome when the weather gets foul or the road surface gets rough. Yet buyers who don't really need all-wheel-drive capability can choose an XC90 with front-wheel drive.
Volvo's reputation for safety engineering is deserved. Maybe more than anyone, Volvo devotes impressive resources and manpower to improve occupant protection. The XC90 offers the full array of active and passive safety features, including a Roll Stability Control system designed to keep the XC90 from rolling over, and a rollover protection system intended to shield occupants in the extremely unlikely event that a rollover actually occurs. Less obvious are features like a roof structure fashioned from high-strength steel, or a lower front crossmember engineered to inflict less damage on small vehicles if an accident occurs. It may be the safest SUV on the road; it's certainly one we'd feel reassured seeing our loved ones drive.
Volvo's blind-spot monitoring system, or BLIS, uses cameras to search a large area on either side of the vehicle, and warns the driver if there might be an approaching vehicle not visible in the XC90's mirrors. It's optional, but we think it's a great safety feature.
The 2010 Volvo XC90 comes with a choice of 3.2-liter inline-6 or 4.4-liter V8 engine. Both come with a six-speed automatic transmission. All-wheel drive (AWD) is standard on the V8 and optional ($2,000) with the six.
The 2010 Volvo XC90 3.2 ($37,700) comes with leather upholstery, dual-zone automatic climate control, power glass sunroof, along with an eight-way power driver's seat with memory, power passenger seat, power door locks, power heated mirrors, fog lights, 160-watt, eight-speaker audio with CD/MP3 and auxiliary jack, cruise control, trip computer, auto-dimming interior mirror, real wood interior trim, and 235/60R18 tires on 18-inch alloy wheels. Standard on all models is a third-row seat, which comes with its own auxiliary climate control. An integrated center booster cushion for the second row comes standard.
The XC90 3.2 R-Design ($39,500) features a tighter, self-leveling suspension, speed-sensitive power steering, lower-profile 255/55R19 tires on 19-inch wheels, a unique grille and silver (rather than the standard black) roof rails. Inside is a three-spoke sport steering wheel, Volvo's Watch Dial instruments, aluminum inlays and other visual touches. The Dynamic Package ($1,400), exclusive to the R-Design model, adds bi-xenon headlights with active light bending and 255/45R20 tires on 20-inch wheels. A wood steering wheel is optional ($325).
Options include the Climate Package ($675) with heated front seats, headlight washers, rain-sensing wipers, humidity sensor and an Interior Air Quality System. The Multimedia Package ($2,500) upgrades to HDD navigation with real-time traffic, remote control and map care, the Dynaudio Premium sound system featuring Dolby Pro Logic II Surround Sound, and Sirius Satellite Radio.
The XC90 V8 ($47,500) gets upgraded Sapeli wood trim for the instrument panel, steering wheel, and shift knob, a leather steering wheel, the Climate Package, and 235/60R18 tires on 18-inch wheels. An expanded Multimedia Package ($3,300) includes bi-xenon headlights, HDD navigation with real-time traffic, remote control and map care, the Dynaudio Premium sound system featuring Dolby Pro Logic II Surround Sound, and Sirius Satellite Radio. The V8 Executive Package ($2,950) features special soft leather seating surfaces, massage and ventilation for the front seats, heated seats all around, unique wood inlays and wood steering wheel, and real leather on the inner doors and center console, 255/50R19 tires on 19-inch wheels, and special exhaust. Optional with the Executive Package is a rear-seat refrigerator ($700).
Options for all models include a rear-seat DVD system with two headrest-mounted eight-inch color screens ($1,800); Bi-Xenon Active Bending Lights ($800).
Safety features include dual-stage frontal and side-impact airbags for front passengers, and curtain type head protection airbags for all outboard seats. A rollover protection system senses an impending vehicle rollover, tightens the seatbelts and deploys the curtain airbags. The seats feature Volvo's Whiplash Protection System, which moves them back and downward if the vehicle is hit from behind, reducing neck snap. Rear park assist is standard on all models. Active safety features include advanced four-channel antilock brakes, an electronic stability program, and Roll Stability Control, which uses a gyroscopic sensor to reduce the possibility of a rollover by applying brakes and modulating engine power. Optional is Volvo's blind-spot monitoring system, or BLIS ($700). BLIS uses cameras to monitor an area measuring 10 feet by 31 feet on either side of the car, which is often not covered by the side mirrors, and reports the presence of another vehicle in the blind spots with a prominent warning light in the appropriate mirror. Optional all-wheel drive enhances safety in adverse conditions.
The Volvo XC90 looks very clearly like a Volvo, even without the badges. It has the rugged, adventurous, substantial look of an SUV.
Its angular styling says Volvo. In side view, the XC90's roofline rakes upward dramatically from the windshield to a high horizontal plane, with the arc of the top echoed by the curve of the roof rails. A high beltline enhances to the typical visual image of a tall SUV, and creates the feeling of a protective cocoon inside. The rear glass is inclined toward the front of the vehicle, which shortens the roofline a bit and tidies the profile. Its basic stance gives the XC90 a well-planted look and promotes handling stability. Its wheelbase is long, but the overhangs are short, so the body doesn't extend very far past the wheels. It has a wide track as well. And despite its height, the XC90 has a lower center of gravity than many SUVs.
The taillights are huge, designed to ensure visibility to other drivers. The back-up lights seem as bright as the roof lights on an a Baja pickup, making it less likely to back into something at night.
All XC90s feature side mirrors with integrated LCD turn signals to warn drivers in your blind spot of your intensions. Active Bi-Xenon headlights are available that generate brighter light and swivel up to 15 degrees off center in the direction of travel to better light up the turns.
The rear hatch is split into two sections, with a larger, upper glass portion that swings up and a lower, steel gate that drops down. The split-line between is about waste high, so if you're just stowing the groceries or dry cleaning, you might not need to drop the tailgate. Larger objects require opening both halves, so this clamshell hatch has its strength and weaknesses. On the plus side, the upper glass liftgate lifts and closes easily, and because it's smaller, it's less likely to bonk you or someone else on the head when you raise or lower it. Liftgates on some SUVs are hard to raise due to their weight and the angles involved, but that's not the case here. The little tailgate also keeps groceries and other cargo from rolling out when you open the hatch.
Sporty R-Design models are dressed up with bright roof rails, additional brightwork on the front skid plate, silk-matte caps on the outside mirrors, and a racy rear bumper with quad exhausts and important-looking air outlets. But you could honestly miss all of that and just find yourself wowed by the strikingly slim, five-spoke Vulcanis alloy wheels, like certain swimsuits, what most impresses about them is just how little there is to them. By comparison the optional Cratus 20-inchers are downright ordinary, despite the deliberately uneasy asymmetry of their own five spokes.
The V8 shares some of the R-Design's exterior brightwork, but reverts to a relatively conservative wheel design with six flattened spokes. Executive Package cars dress up with a few more bright slashes in the grille openings and a more delicate eight-double-spoke wheel.
The Volvo XC90 seats seven passengers, and leather upholstery and auxiliary rear climate control are standard. The XC90 is quiet, comfortable, and above all, roomy. By mounting its engine sideways across the chassis, Volvo has created a cabin with the space and flexibility of a minivan inside a relatively compact exterior.
The materials and finish inside are very good, and functionality rates almost as high, despite some Volvo-specific quirks. The XC90 makes an excellent vehicle for families with two or more children growing into their teens. Standard interior trim is a mix of brushed aluminum around the door pulls, wood trim on the center console and dark, matte-finish plastic behind the switches in the center stack. The standard steering wheel is covered in rich, grippy leather. Volvo steering wheels have some of the chubbiest rims in the business, and they're so thick that drivers with small hands might find them a bit too hefty.
It requires a small step up to slide into the XC90's driver's seat, though well-placed grab handles make getting in easier. Those aluminum door pulls are not so effective, however. They're fairly narrow, and seem to be made for people with little hands (in contrast to the fat steering wheel rim).
The front bucket seats are comfortable, with good, adjustable lumbar support. And Volvo leather is some of the best around.
Headroom is exceptional, thanks to the high roofline, and the big windows create a feeling of space, with excellent forward visibility. Unfortunately, Volvo's emphasis on safety has drawbacks in this regard. Large, tall headrests restrict forward visibility for passengers in the second- and third-row seats. More significantly, the headrests can reduce what the driver sees in the rearview mirror. Another minor annoyance is the perpetual reflection in the windshield from the big subwoofer in the top of the dash.
The instrument panel is canted upward toward the windshield, creating a stronger cockpit effect than one finds in the typical sport-utility vehicle. The gauges are simple and easy to read. Window switches are on the doors, right near the fingertips when the driver's left arm lies on the armrest, requiring no hand or wrist contortion to operate. Other controls are concentrated in one of two spots: on easy-to-use stalks flanking the steering wheel, or in the stack rising from the center console. Here you'll find some of those Volvo quirks, which are neither good nor bad. They're just a bit different than the convention in most cars.
The switches that direct airflow for the climate controls are fashioned with an icon that looks like a seated person set over the top. Push the person's feet and all air flows through the floor vents, push the head, and air flows toward the windshield. The audio controls are even more unusual, with a twisting knob that cycles through menus and a keypad that looks like telephone buttons. They all work quite well, once a user gains some familiarity, and nearly all are large and easy to locate, even at night.
Seating and cargo arrangements inside the XC90 are enormously versatile. Six of the seven seats fold flat, including the front passenger seat, handy for hauling long items, like ladders. Equally impressive is the ease with which the seats slide, fold, change and vanish.
The second-row bench seat is split 40/20/40, and each section slides forward independently, adjusting the amount of legroom for the second and third rows. Headrests don't have to be removed when the seats are folded flat. The console between the front seats can be easily removed, allowing the center section of the second row to slide way forward between and just behind the front buckets. With the integrated booster cushion for that seat, tending to a toddler has never been easier.
The third-row bench seat seats two. Getting into the third row is easier than it is in many SUVs, because sliding and flipping the second-row seats is a breeze. Of course, with the second row positioned for adult-sized legs, there's only enough leg room in the third row for kids.
Still, for 10-year-olds the third row is a cozy and convenient little world all its own, with a storage console, cup holders, and separate climate controls and registers. Kids actually want to sit way back in the wayback. Headphone plugs are provided, meaning second- or third-row headphone users can listen to a CD while the front-seat occupants listen to the radio through the speakers.
Storage for smaller items, particularly in front, is lacking, as it often is with Volvos. The door pockets are narrow and the small center console compartment is slim and difficult to access. If you slide a few CDs in the slots, there's no more room at all.
Cargo capacity is another story, because the XC90 can carry more stuff than most of its competitors. Making the third seat standard has reduced maximum cargo volume somewhat, but with all passenger seats folded down, the XC90 still offers 85.1 cubic feet of cargo space, or more than what's available in the Mercedes M-Class (72.4 cubic feet), BMW X5 (75.2), Acura MDX (83.5), Lexus RX 350 (80.3), Cadillac SRX (61.2) and Infiniti FX (62.0). Even with all three rows of seats in place, there's room in the Volvo for two or three stacked duffel bags behind the third row.
Moreover, the XC90 accommodates long objects easily. Lowering the center portion of the second-row seat opens 9.5 feet of unobstructed space between the instrument panel and the rear liftgate, and this applies with the third-row seat in place, thanks to passage space between the seatbacks. As a result, the XC90 can take four surfers and two long boards to the beach. It's a good vehicle for trout fishing because it will accommodate rigged nine-foot fly rods, allowing the angler to move to a new spot without having to break them down.
The Volvo XC90 is pleasant to drive. It isn't particularly bulky or even hard to park, nor mundane in a people-mover, family wagon fashion. Many of the driving characteristics common to Volvos, including a hefty, solid demeanor, deliberate steering and a soft brake pedal, seem to go better in this sport-utility than in a sports sedan.
The XC90 3.2 appears to be the best deal. Its naturally aspirated (non-turbo) inline-6 lacks the immediate rush of acceleration generated by some higher-performing power plants, but it has plenty of horsepower and flexibility. The torque flows evenly, meaning there is more even acceleration at any engine speed, and typically for an inline-6 it feels smooth nearly in all circumstances, from idle to full-throttle acceleration. Forward momentum is further aided by the responsive six-speed automatic transmission that comes standard on all XC90s. It includes a Geartronic manual shift feature that lets the driver shuttle up and down through the gears if he or she is feeling racy, this is sometimes useful to reduce shifting in hilly terrain.
Fuel economy is an EPA-estimated 15/22 mpg City/Highway for the six-cylinder, or 15/21 mpg with AWD. We averaged 20 miles per gallon in a mix of city and freeway driving.
All-wheel drive is a good option for owners in the Snow Belt as well as in climates where it rains a lot. The all-wheel-drive system operates seamlessly, and the driver will almost never know when it's working. In normal, good-traction conditions, 95 percent of the engine's power goes to the front wheels. If those wheels lose traction, a multi-plate clutch begins routing power to the rear, to a maximum split of 65 percent to the back tires.
The V8 engine was developed for the U.S. market, where about 30 percent of all SUVs are sold with V8s. Because Volvo has no history with V8s, it worked with Yamaha to develop one compact enough to fit in the XC90's engine bay. With the V8, Volvo also made some changes in the all-wheel-drive system. In normal circumstances, the V8 system sends more power to the rear wheels for better take off from a standing start, and it incorporates a fast-reacting Instant Traction system to minimize wheel spin.
We found the V8 delivers quick acceleration and easy passing capability, though it isn't a hot rod. The V8 increases the XC90's tow rating by nearly 1,000 pounds (4,960, vs. 3,970), and makes towing lighter loads easier. But unless you need that towing capacity, we'd call the V8 a luxury in this vehicle, rather than a must-have piece of hardware.
Regardless of which engine was chosen, the XC90's silky smooth feeling at 80 mph impressed us. Its chassis closely follows the design of Volvo's Cross Country wagon, though it's wider and the components are beefier. The XC90 handles bumpy roads with dips and gullies well, without crashing loudly or bottoming when driven hard. It doesn't offer the sporty handling of a BMW X5 or Infiniti FX35, but some of us prefer it. The Volvo's power rack-and-pinion steering is on the heavy side, and not particularly quick in sharp curves yet the XC90 doesn't wallow or sway excessively under hard cornering. The electronic stability system, called DSTC, stepped in a few times when we were thrashing down a particularly ornery road, and applied the brakes at one wheel without cutting engine power. It worked as intended, and helped keep the XC90 going where we intended while driving at rate few owners will care to undertake.
Ride quality in the standard XC90 is very good, and stiff at the wheels but not in the cabin. It doesn't exactly absorb the ridges and bumps, because you feel the suspension working over them, but it doesn't transfer any harshness to the arms or seat of the pants, either. Speed bumps in particular are interesting: It's as if the suspension challenges them and hammers back, protecting us from jouncing even when we hit them at 15 mph.
The R-Design model comes with stiffer shocks, springs, and sway bars, which we would expect a sharper response to steering inputs and tighter control of body motions, at the expense of some ride quality relative to the standard 3.2 or V8.
We recommend driving one with the 20-inch wheels before ordering them because they likely will increase ride harshness due to the short 45-profile sidewalls. The brake pedal in the XC90 can feel a little soft until the driver gets familiar. But once that occurs, that driver can stop the XC90 smoothly and progressively, and very quickly if necessary, with no drama. All XC90s stop with substantial 13.2-inch discs up front and 12.1-inch discs in back, but these big brakes contribute substantially to the V8's maximum towing capacity of nearly 5000 pounds, which is more than enough for family duty such as towing a camper, ATVs or a couple of watercraft.
The Volvo XC90 packs a lot of space into a good-looking, manageably sized vehicle. It's better than most competitors for hauling children around, with superior cargo and seating flexibility, and it's loaded with Volvo's trademark safety technology. It's available with the mechanical simplicity of front-wheel drive if a buyer doesn't really need all-wheel-drive capability. The upgrade XC90 V8 is appealing and invigorating, and the superior handling potential of the mid-range R-Design model intrigues us. But the base XC90 3.2 six-cylinder is better than adequate for nearly all purposes, and it represents a better value.
NewCarTestDrive.com correspondent Sam Moses reported from the Columbia River Gorge, with Larry Edsall in Gothenburg, Sweden, Mitch McCullough in Los Angeles, and J.P. Vettraino in Detroit.
Volvo XC90 3.2 ($37,700); 3.2 R-Design ($39,500); V8 ($47,500).
Options As Tested
all-wheel drive with traction control ($2,000); Active Bi-Xenon Headlights ($800); Climate Package ($800) includes heated front seats, headlight washers, Rainsensor windshield wipers, IAQS, humidity sensor.
Volvo XC90 3.2 ($37,700).
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