In the wake of Tesla's recent success, it's easy to forget that there were once two California electric carmakers with bright futures.
Remember Fisker Automotive?
Both companies were back in the news this week. Tesla confirmed it will team with Panasonic to build a battery factory, and Fisker won approval of its bankruptcy plan to pay creditors and allow it to have a fresh start with Chinese investors, Wanxiang Group.
There's no doubt that Tesla is downshifting while Fisker has been grinding its gears. But it wasn't always that way.
Five years ago, many observers thought Fisker had just as much potential to make a go of it as Tesla. Elon Musk was still known as the SpaceX and PayPal guy who supposedly knew nothing about cars. Fisker, meanwhile, was founded and led by Henrik Fisker, an industry celebrity who designed sexy sports cars like the Aston Martin DB9 and the BMW Z8.
Separated by about six hours of California highway, Tesla and Fisker were billed as the new wave of American manufacturing, two electric carmakers that could do what the Rust Belt-anchored Detroit Three could not. Their rivalry became so heated, Tesla even sued Fisker in 2008 alleging theft of technology, with Fisker emerging as the nominal victor, netting $1.1 million in court fees from Tesla.
As recently as 2012, Tesla only had one car, the Roadster, which was built on a Lotus chassis with an electric-powered motor in place of a traditional engine. It was the definition of a niche product. That year, however, Tesla followed up with another car, the Model S. With an all-electric range of 265 miles and the capability to sprint to 60 mph in 4.2 seconds, the Model S was a runaway hit. It had the size and power of a BMW 5-Series, and it didn't burn a drop of fuel.
While the Model S earned accolades and sales took off, it's easy to forget Fisker got its sedan, the Karma, in the hands of some consumers first, in late 2011. Fisker bought an old General Motors factory in 2009 in Delaware. Tesla did the same thing the next year in California. Unfortunately for Fisker, everything it did first, Tesla soon did better. And after the launch of their sedans, their fortunes diverged sharply. Despite beating the Model S to the market by about six months, the Karma, which could run on all-electric power but also used a four-cylinder engine to charge its batteries, was rife with problems. Fisker collapsed into bankruptcy in 2013, while Tesla became one of America's spotlight companies. Musk has become a transcendent star, and his company's stock trades at eye-popping levels. His onetime counterpart, Henrik Fisker, ended up resigning from his own company.
At this point, there is no competition. Tesla won not by beating Fisker head-to-head, but by surviving and carving a niche in the automotive industry as a legitimate player.
While the Model S earned accolades and sales took off, it's easy to forget Fisker got its sedan, the Karma, in the hands of some consumers first, in late 2011.
Still, there's hope for Fisker, which has ambitious plans for a comeback. Called "The New Fisker," the company says it wants to restart production of the Karma "as fast as possible," though it's still working out quality issues. Fisker also wants to launch some of its models that never made it past the concept stage, like the Sunset convertible, Surf station wagon and Atlantic sedan. This is all aggressive, and it would require serious investment by Wanxiang. But if it comes to pass, Fisker might finally realize some of the success that at one time seemed within reach.
Other News and Views
2016 Chevy Volt to debut as soon as this fall
We might as well continue our flashback to the green-car landscape of 2009, and like Tesla and Fisker, the Volt was very much an uncertain proposition back then. Fast-forward five years and it's clear that the Volt--though it was an expensive and all-consuming venture for GM--was the right thing to do. It burnished the company's image at a time when it sorely needed positive publicity, and it's generally been well-received among buyers. It will be interesting to see what the next-generation holds, but it seems likely GM will have to boost the Volt's range and spice up its exterior design. Plus, it should be noticeably less expensive.
Mercedes, Audi small crossovers priced to sell
Pricing was revealed in July for the 2015 Mercedes-Benz GLA ($32,225) and the 2015 Audi Q3 ($33,425). Both come in a tick above the 2015 BMW X1, which is $31,850.
This is the newest and one of the most competitive fronts in the luxury-car war. With prices so close, the success of these vehicles will come down to which brand is more successful at drawing in new customers. Expect to see big money spent on marketing and advertising for all of these vehicles, especially in an effort to lure younger buyers.
Jaguar XE could get 75 mpg (in Europe)
Don't get too excited, the European test cycle is different, and it won't get close to that here. Still, this aluminum intensive sedan will likely have an impressive fuel-economy rating when it arrives in the United States in 2016, which is perfect timing as fuel economy standards are set to get tougher in the coming years. The XE should do wonders for Jaguar's sales figures.