• Image Credit: Jaguar
  • Image Credit: Jaguar
  • Image Credit: Jaguar
  • Image Credit: Jaguar
  • Image Credit: Jaguar
  • Image Credit: Jaguar
Jaguar Land Rover officially announced its Ingenium family of engines with the unveiling of the 2.0-liter version in the Jaguar XE concept at the 2014 Geneva Motor Show, but it kept details very thin at the time. All we knew was that the new turbocharged mills could be configured to use gasoline or diesel, and be positioned longitudinally or transversely. Months later, JLR is finally letting some more info slip about its new baby, but there are still some big questions to be answered.

For the Ingenium project, Jaguar Land Rover gave its engineers a clean sheet of paper and told them not to worry about using any previous parts or machinery. In the end, the designers came up with a family of turbocharged, aluminum-block engines based around modular, 500cc cylinders to allow it to grow or shrink as the market demanded. The layout was also made adaptable enough to incorporate hybrid drivetrains, if needed. "Being configurable and flexible are the two key strands of Ingenium's DNA because we have future-proofed our new engines from the outset," said said Ron Lee, the company's director of Powertrain Engineering.

To maximize efficiency, Jaguar promises that all versions of the Ingenium engines come with computer-controlled, variable oil pumps and water pumps to use only as much energy as needed. They also get direct injection, roller bearings for the cams and stop/start. The diesel version alone has 17 percent less internal friction than the mill it replaces, the company claims. JLR is also promising class-leading figures for Ingenium's torque and horsepower too, but it's not giving away those specs just yet.

While it all sounds intriguing, we still have to wait a while before actually driving a product that makes use of the Ingenium. The production of the 2.0-liter diesel (codenamed AJ200D) doesn't begin until early 2015. Scroll down to read the full press release about JLR's new pride and joy.
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Jaguar Land Rover Powers Up New Ingenium Engine Family

Ingenium is an all-new family of compact, lightweight, low-emissions diesel and petrol turbocharged engines that deliver both the efficiency and performance that our global customers desire

Configurable and flexible common diesel and petrol architecture enables maximum manufacturing efficiency, more variants, higher quality and greater speed to market

Designed and engineered in-house by Jaguar Land Rover engineers, volume production begins in early 2015 at the all-new Jaguar Land Rover Engine Manufacturing Centre near Wolverhampton, UK

Weighing up to 80kg less than today's engines, Ingenium uses patented technologies to reduce friction and deliver class-leading CO2 emissions, refinement and high performance

Whitley, UK: Ingenium, the new family of premium diesel and petrol engines designed, engineered and manufactured by Jaguar Land Rover, delivers class-leading levels of torque, horsepower and refinement while reducing emissions and fuel consumption.

The company today revealed more of the technical details of these new lightweight, compact low-emissions modular engines as it showcased some of the company's future technologies.

Ingenium: Configurable, Flexible, Modular
Jaguar Land Rover has developed its own new family of advanced technology, low-friction, high-performance petrol and diesel engines to meet growing customer demand for lower fuel consumption and cost of ownership, without compromising performance and the driver experience.

Ingenium's design brief presented Jaguar Land Rover's engineers with a tough and complex challenge. Its new engine family would need to be:

Configurable and flexible to enable seamless installation in a range of new Jaguar and Land Rover vehicles

Scalable up and down to create smaller or larger displacement variants in the future

Able to accommodate a range of powertrain layouts including rear-, all- and four-wheel drive

Engineered to support manual and automatic transmissions as well as electrified hybrid drive systems

Easily accepting of new advances in engine technologies as they become available

Jaguar Land Rover powertrain engineers at the company's Whitley and Gaydon development facilities have based Ingenium's foundation on extremely strong and compact aluminium blocks for both diesel and petrol versions.

These lightweight blocks share the same bore, stroke, cylinder spacing and 500cc cylinder capacity. This helps give Ingenium the configurability and flexibility around which smaller or larger engines can quickly and efficiently be developed to meet future regulatory and competitive requirements. To support the development of this future powertrain technology, including the new Ingenium family, Jaguar Land Rover has invested £40 million to expand and enhance its Powertrain Engineering facility at its Whitley Technical Centre.

All diesel and petrol Ingenium variants will be equipped with state-of-the-art turbochargers that improve performance, particularly at low speeds, and that help reduce consumption and CO2 emissions.

Ingenium's modular design enables both petrol and diesel engines to share many common internal components and calibration strategies. This reduces complexity, raises quality and simplifies manufacturing, and allows Jaguar Land Rover to react more quickly to changes in global demand.

"Customers around the world are increasingly demanding cleaner-running, more efficient vehicles that maintain or even enhance the performance attributes expected of a rugged all-terrain vehicle or a high performance car. Our Ingenium engines deliver this to a new level," said Dr. Wolfgang Ziebart, Jaguar Land Rover Group Engineering Director.

"Engineering and manufacturing our own engines improves our ability to react to changes in demand and improves our ability to react to changes in legislation and competitive technologies in the future," added Dr Ziebart. "We believe that with the range of technologies we are investing in, Jaguar Land Rover can absolutely satisfy the often conflicting requirements of delivering engaging high-performance luxury vehicles that reduce our carbon footprint in the long-term."

Technology Powerhouse
Ingenium bristles with innovations that will deliver more of what Jaguar Land Rover's global customers expect from premium high-performance engines: outstanding low-end torque, effortless acceleration and class-leading emissions performance with low consumption.

One strategy Jaguar Land Rover powertrain engineers used to accomplish this was a focus on reducing internal friction

In the first Ingenium engine to go into volume production, a 2.0-litre diesel known as AJ200D, friction is reduced by 17 per cent compared to the current engine, helping to make it one of the most efficient and responsive 2.0-litre turbo diesels in its segment.

Ingenium engines feature six key technologies that combine to reduce friction, add refinement and improve performance. They include:

Roller bearings on cam and balancer shafts, instead of machined-in bearing surfaces.

Computer-controlled variable oil pumps that save energy by delivering the optimum amount of oil at all speeds, engine loads and temperatures.

Computer-controlled variable water pumps that adjust the amount of coolant flowing through the engine, based on temperature, speed and driving conditions. The split or twin circuit cooling system offers the twin benefits of lowering CO2 emissions by enabling fast warm ups, and providing quick cabin heat on cold days.

Simplified cam drive system designed for modular application.

Crankshafts that are offset from the centre of the block.

Electronically controlled piston cooling jets to improve efficiency in the oil pumping circuit. Jets are switched off when piston cooling is not needed. They also enable the engine to reach its optimum operating temperature faster, further helping to reduce CO2 emissions.

All Ingenium engines will be equipped with advanced and efficient turbochargers, central direct high-pressure fuel injection, variable valve timing and start-stop technology.

Ingenium will also come to market as one of the most tested and proven Jaguar Land Rover engines ever. Before the first Ingenium engine is sold, it will have already undergone the equivalent of more than eight years of the toughest, most punishing testing that Jaguar Land Rover engineers could devise. These tests include a huge range of integrity and durability testing, including more than 72,000 hours of dyno testing and 2 million miles of real-world testing to ensure these engines deliver - and continue to deliver.

Key Role in Vehicle Weight Reduction
Jaguar Land Rover already leads the industry in the production of lightweight, aluminium-bodied vehicles. The introduction of Ingenium unites the company's light-weight chassis expertise with powertrains specifically designed and calibrated to complement reduced weight vehicles.

Jaguar Land Rover engineers are focusing on reducing vehicle weight by optimising every component in every system, powertrains included. Despite adding features and increasing power output, Ingenium engines weigh as much as 80kg less than today's equivalent engines.

"Ingenium fulfils our commitment to offer our global customers some of the most advanced powertrains available in some of the lightest vehicles in the premium SUV and performance car segments," said Ron Lee, Jaguar Land Rover Director of Powertrain Engineering.

"Being configurable and flexible are the two key strands of Ingenium's DNA because we have future-proofed our new engines from the outset. Ingenium will be able to accept new advances in fuel, turbocharging, emissions, performance and electrification technologies when they are ready and accessible to be deployed.

"We were able to design Ingenium in this way because we had the rare opportunity to start the project with a clean sheet of paper. We weren't locked into any of the usual restrictions that force engineering compromises because we had no existing production machinery that would dictate design parameters, no carryover engine architectures to utilise and no existing factory to modify," said Lee.

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    • 1 Second Ago
      • 1 Year Ago
      This is the stuff I like to read about. Can't wait to find out more about it.
      • 1 Year Ago
      Good stuff! About time, too! Clean sheet designs are what is needed for the future. We have been putting band aids on 70's and 80's tech for far too long.
      • 1 Year Ago
      The Ingenium engine sounds interesting, but limited details about the engine makes forming any sort of opinion beyond that impossible at this time. The one detail I find troubling is the statement that this engine design will be used for both gas and diesel versions and history has shown that never works out. The infamous GM diesel engines created from modified gasoline engine blocks managed to sour the U.S. market to passenger car diesels to this day and i hope that Jaguar doesn't repeat history. However, if Jaguar follows Mazda's SkyActiv engine lead with high-combustion rated gas engines and low-combustion rated diesel engines, then this could be a major breakthrough for Jaguar, considering Mazda is limiting their engines to four cylinders. I look forward to hearing more.
        • 10 Months Ago

        Well, as you say, GM tried to convert an existing gas engine to diesel, while Jaguar seem to have started with a clean slate. I remember that GM turkey. I had a 1978 Oldsmobile on order diesel-equipped, but thank goodness they couldn't deliver and I bought an Audi 5000 instead.

        And yes, Jaguar seem to be following Mazda's lead in just saying no to hybrid or any other kind of electric power, because battery technology has not advanced sufficiently to make electric viable in an all-round car. Instead, they will push the limits of petroleum engine design, both gas and diesel, for maximum efficiency and minimum pollutants. This makes a lot of sense to me. I am, however, dismayed to see two of my favorite car manufacturers, Jaguar and Mazda, on the endangered species list. Let's hope the new XE and Miata are winners.

      Anonymous Coward
      • 1 Year Ago
      They wasted time on this while they could have just made a new electric drivetrain?
        Mark Patterson
        • 9 Months Ago
        @Anonymous Coward

        Exactly. The sooner we see electric as the way forward, the better.

      • 1 Year Ago
      I see a couple a bare spots one could probably hang something else on.
        • 1 Year Ago
        They'll probably do what all the other manufacturers are doing right now and cover the entire thing in plastic panels so that you can't see the engine when you open the hood. It's a 2nd hood. Why do they do that? Does it quiet the engine?
      Master Austin
      • 1 Year Ago
      At least know they use Ford supplied engines I feel comfortable they are reliable, but to tell Jaguar and LR (Which rates at the near bottom in reliability) to design something from scratch concerns me...
        • 10 Months Ago
        @Master Austin

        Where do get the notion Jag/LR ever used Ford engines? I know there was a misconception back in the '90s when Ford owned Jaguar that components were shared, but it was not the case. The AJ-V8 engine powering 1997 and later Jaguars was designed in-house by Jaguar (Coventry). It began as a 4.0 L V8 in both naturally aspirated and supercharged versions. The alloy block is still being used in the new-generation Jags, now bored out to 5 L and in some cases producing well over 500 HP. It's be a very successful engine for both Jaguar and LR, and it's 100 percent British.

        I do agree with LR's miserable reliability record. (During Ford ownership Jaguar quality rose to challenge Lexus in JD Power owner satisfaction surveys.) Now that LR is under the Tata umbrella (as Jaguar currently is), I think it's reasonable to expect dramatic improvements in their quality and reliability.

      • 1 Year Ago
      This breaking news gets filed in my "who cares" folder. This is an entirely inwardly focused design, to provide the manufacturer with longer lived engines which can be flexibly used in a variety of car sizes and fuel configurations. Yawn. Anything new in power trains that still basically burns gasoline or diesel is still pretty much yesterday's news.
        • 1 Year Ago
        If everybody had your attitude, we would all still be driving flathead 4 cylinders or flathead 6 engines. Those went out around about 1953. We who drive real cars and actually commute really want longer lived engines with better gas mileage at a lower cost. This type of tech is readily adaptable to other car lines and marques within the same family of companies. The consumer wins here. Maybe not all that exciting to you. But then, maybe you have the money to fund a new fuel cell vehicle just for yourself.
      • 1 Year Ago
      Computer controlled oil and water pumps. Lemme see that warranty first.
        • 1 Year Ago
        Yeah that kind of scares me.
        Julio B
        • 1 Year Ago
        This is nothing new, Chrysler's 3.6L Pentastar had this a few years back. "A chain-driven, vane-type variable displacement oil pump adjusts the flow rate and pressure as commanded by the engine management system, which uses a solenoid to drive the pump into low or high pressure mode. For example, below 3,500 rpm, the pump conserves energy by using low pressure; at speeds over 3,500 rpm, the pump switches to high pressure."
      • 1 Year Ago
      "Ingenium"?? Now there's a name that just rolls off your tongue. Who the heck in marketing contrived that one?
      • 1 Year Ago
      Looks like an olde MGB 1.8 engine but jazzed up on the outside. Hopefully, it's not fired by the "Prince Of Darkness" LUCAS. How long before it leaks oil?
      • 1 Year Ago
      What difference will more efficiency make when reliability isn't there. The big money is made in parts and labor so reliability means less profit. The people who can afford these cars smartly trade them before the warranty expires.
      Mchicha Wacheza
      • 1 Year Ago
      This is nothing different from the New Ford or GM modular engine architectures
        • 1 Year Ago
        @Mchicha Wacheza
        You may be right, but it can be agreed that it is thoroughly contemporary and packs the latest tech. Every major manufacturer is working on something similar. This is notable because JLR is NOT a major manufacturer, and it represents a major investment for them. I suspect that they are making it to avoid the "not a real Jag" criticism that has dogged them since the days of Ford ownership and the disaster that was the X type. It may be equal to, better or worse than similar engines from mainstream makers, and only time will tell. But the fact that it is a true JLR designed and manufactured engine is newsworthy and significant.
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