It should come as no great surprise to learn that All-Terrain Vehicles are designed for use off-road. But a new study from the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety reveals that an alarming number of ATVs are used on roadways, and even more alarming still is the number of fatalities they have been proven to cause.

According to the IIHS study, approximately 1,700 ATV riders died in crashes on public roads across the United States from 2007 to 2011. And lest you picture widespread collisions between closed cars and open ATVs, the study points out that the majority of those deaths involved the ATVs all by themselves – as in nobody crashed into them, they crashed because the rider couldn't control the vehicle. Nor did the majority of deaths befall passengers on the back of ATVs: nearly 90% of those killed were drivers, not passengers. And the vast majority of those killed were adult males. As you can see from the image above (click to enlarge), the fatal crashes were logged in all but one of the 50 states (New Hampshire), and by far the highest concentration was in West Virginia.

Although many ATVs are capable of reaching highway speeds, they're not designed to travel so fast on paved roadways. Their tires are generally softer than highway-capable vehicles, and they're prone to tipping over. But the problem doesn't revolve only around the design of the ATVs themselves. Although the vehicles aren't supposed to be driven on roadways, regulations make it difficult to keep them off. Moreover, a large portion of those killed were intoxicated and/or not wearing a helmet. The numbers are staggering, and you can delve deeper into them in the press release below.
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IIHS study: Hundreds die in ATV crashes on public roads

ARLINGTON, Va., Dec. 31, 2013 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- All-terrain vehicles are made for offroad use, but large numbers of people take their ATVs on public roads, where they are generally prohibited. About 1,700 ATV riders died in crashes on public roads in the United States from 2007 to 2011 according to a new study from the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS).

Although many ATVs can reach highway speeds, their low-pressure tires are not designed for paved surfaces. In addition, many models are apt to roll over.

Deaths of ATV drivers and passengers have increased substantially during the past few decades, as the vehicles have risen in popularity. Today, two-thirds of fatal ATV crashes occur on public or private roads. A recent IIHS study sought to learn more about these crashes and found that the vast majority of ATV riders killed in crashes on public roads are 16 or older and male. Few fatally injured riders wear helmets, and many are impaired by alcohol.

"These vehicles are designed for off-road use, yet most of the fatal crashes are occurring on roads," says Anne McCartt, IIHS senior vice president for research and a co-author of the study.

The Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) conducts a yearly census of ATV rider deaths, including deaths on public roads, on private roads and off-road. Between 1986 and 1998, ATV deaths averaged 227 a year, but then increased to more than 800 in 2007, the last year for which complete CPSC data are available. In 2007, 65 percent of the deaths for which a location was identified took place on public or private roads. The agency estimates that 10.6 million ATVs were in use in the U.S. in 2010, compared with 5.6 million in 2001.

For the Institute study of ATV rider deaths from 2007 through 2011, the researchers turned to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Fatality Analysis Reporting System. Although this database includes only fatal crashes on public roads, its data are more recent and more comprehensive than what is available from the CPSC.

A total of 1,701 ATV riders were killed on public roads in the five-year period. Some ATVs can carry passengers, but nearly 9 out of 10 riders killed were drivers.

Rider fatalities during the five-year period peaked in 2008, declining 19 percent by 2011. As with the recent decline in motor vehicle fatalities generally, much of the drop is believed to be connected to the recent recession.

The crashes occurred primarily in rural areas and in 49 states. No crashes occurred in New Hampshire or the District of Columbia. The highest numbers of deaths occurred in Kentucky (122), Pennsylvania (97), West Virginia (96) and Texas (95). West Virginia had by far the highest rate of ATV rider deaths (105 per 10 million people), and Wyoming was a distant second with 70.

Only 13 percent of drivers and 6 percent of passengers killed wore helmets. That compares with 46 percent of motorcyclists killed in crashes in 2011. Among fatally injured ATV drivers, 43 percent had a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater, compared with about one-third of passenger vehicle and motorcycle drivers.

Fatal ATV crashes are more likely than other fatal crashes to involve a single vehicle. Three-quarters of the fatal crashes in the study involved just one ATV, while only 46 percent of fatal motorcycle crashes in 2007-11 were single-vehicle crashes. Of the single-vehicle fatal ATV crashes, 56 percent involved a rollover.

Much attention has been paid to ATV fatalities among children, but in recent years most fatally injured ATV riders have been men. Ninety percent of the ATV driver deaths in the federal government's database of fatal crashes were 16 and older, and 90 percent were males.

One way to address the danger of ATVs traveling on paved surfaces might be to strengthen laws that prohibit the vehicles on public roads, since most are paved. Most states have such bans, but they have exceptions that make enforcement difficult. For example, ATVs can cross roads or ride alongside the road for a limited number of miles. Helmet laws also could be strengthened. Only eight states require all ATV operators on public roads to wear helmets. Finally, it may be possible to improve the stability of ATVs to prevent rollovers without sacrificing their off-road capabilities.


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  • 32 Comments
      jcar302
      • 11 Months Ago
      Only 13% of riders that died in street crashes wore helmets? That statistic says enough.
      A_Guy
      • 11 Months Ago
      As a Texan...with an ATV... I'm surprised the rate is so low here.
      Ricky
      • 11 Months Ago
      "a large portion of those killed were intoxicated and/or not wearing a helmet" Lol. Pretty much rednecks and hillbillies.
      drew
      • 11 Months Ago
      Natural selection.
      jebibudala
      • 11 Months Ago
      This is obviously fake and impossible. The government banned 3 wheel ATV's years ago.
      Michaele
      • 11 Months Ago
      Does anyone else notice the map seems to indicate almost no deaths in the states that have the best economic and educational demographics? Great to see Darwin's theory being proven out.
      Mike
      • 11 Months Ago
      We should just ban having fun altogether.
      Ron McCord
      • 11 Months Ago
      Less idiots in the World never a bad thing
      diffrunt
      • 11 Months Ago
      Honda 3 wheelers had a similar rep , cost me a son.
      Ricky Lewis
      • 11 Months Ago
      "a large portion of those killed were intoxicated and/or not wearing a helmet." ATV's arnt the problem, the drivers are. Just more stupid propaganda for politicians to use to ban ATV use and restrict innovation for street legal 4 wheeler's.
      eye.surgeon
      • 11 Months Ago
      Just to counter the journalistic sensationalism a bit, I would wager more people die from slip-and-falls in their home. Not to say it isn't a problem, but it's not a common problem.
        Michaele
        • 11 Months Ago
        @eye.surgeon
        The two have absolutely zero connection to each other. Your comparison has no relevance. In the smaller world of ATVs it is a problem. In the world of problems we face, it's merely a pimple on the butt. However, if you are an avid user of ATVs and you want to ignore the relevance of this issue, I'd say you are to be congratulated for doing your part for population control and keeping brain surgeons gainfully employed.
        davebo357
        • 11 Months Ago
        @eye.surgeon
        How are statistics "sensationalism"? All the article is saying is the number of people who die on atv's on public roads annually. It's just a thing that happens. Seems perfectly relevant to a site like autoblog.
          Zach
          • 11 Months Ago
          @davebo357
          "The numbers are staggering!!"1"!"!"!" - Last line, above. No, they're not staggering. A lot of drunks wrecked ATVs while driving on public roads, not wearing helmets. So, if you're an avid user of ATVs, stay sober, wear a helmet, and don't drive on public roads. Not news.
      Ryan
      • 11 Months Ago
      WV has the highest due to the Hatfield-McCoy trail system and the cities it is in being ATV friendly. This means that ATVs and off road motorcycles can legally ride on the roads as long as they are going the posted speed limit. I was down there last year for riding and seeing how narrow some of the roads are with blind curves, it doesn't surprise me at all that WV has the highest rate.
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