Ferrari is the last of the three engine manufacturers remaining in Formula One to reveal its 2014 power unit. Called the 059/3, like the Mercedes and Renault units it is a turbocharged, 1.6-liter V6 further boosted by an energy recovery system that is twice as powerful as before. The 2013 KERS was good for 80 horsepower, could power the car for six seconds and reduce a lap time by about 0.3 seconds. For 2014, the energy recovery system puts out 160 hp, powers the car for 30 seconds on full batteries and, according to Ferrari, can shave a massive three seconds per lap.

The car that surrounds this engine doesn't have a name yet – that will be chosen by Ferrari's social media followers in January from a selection of names provided by the Scuderia.

Ferrari didn't provide an audio sample of the power unit at its introduction, but a brief video taken at Fiorano has led folks to believe that the team has been testing the engine in a revised LaFerrari chassis. The clip shows a camouflaged version of the marque's new supercar fitted with a roof intake and sounding nothing at all like a V12 as it takes the hairpin and powers onto the straight.

You'll find videos below of the engine and its details, along with the LaFerrari mule and press releases from Ferrari and Shell with all the details you could want on what will power the scarlet cars in Australia in March of next year.

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2014: a new era for the F1 engine

Maranello, 1st July – The expression "don't wish your life away" just cannot be upheld in Formula 1, because long before one year is over, before one car has been fully developed, it's time to think of the following year. It has always been the case that the next year's car design work starts in the early part of the current year, with some teams running two completely different design teams, one for the even numbered years and the other for the odd. Now, in July 2013, the following year has never seemed such a short time away, because of the incredibly significant changes to the technical regulations.

Instead of the current 2.4 litre naturally aspirated V8s, next year the engines will be 1.6 litre turbocharged with an energy recovery system built in. The energy recovery system will be powered off the exhaust and will deliver around an extra 160 horsepower for over 30 seconds each lap. The engines will have a rev limit of 15000 rpm and have to last for around 5000 kilometres as opposed to the current 2000. Added to significant changes on other areas of the car, it all goes to make for the biggest changes the sport has seen in decades. On hand in the Silverstone paddock, on the Friday of the British Grand Prix, to discuss the engine aspect with the media was Scuderia Ferrari's Head of Engines, Luca Marmorini.

"There is no one single aspect of the new project that is more critical than the next," began the engineer. "I'd say it's difficult in all 360 degrees. For example, the turbo is a new type which runs to 25,000 rpm and is definitely something absolutely new. Also the very complex electronics and management systems are a very big step forward, which means that engine management will be a very difficult challenge."

In the past, when racing at tracks that put the engines under a lot of pressure, it was customary for several drivers to retire with engine failure, but in recent times, we have almost taken for granted a level of reliability that is exceptional for a racing engine. That is down to the fact that current F1 engines have barely changed in the past few years, but next year, will be a different story. "We have to develop the power train in a short space of time and this means that reliability will be the factor that will decide the races in the early part of the season," reckoned Marmorini. "In most cases people will locate their turbos in the central rear part of the engine and therefore near the electronics and the temperatures can reach a thousand degrees and that won't be an easy matter to deal with. Managing temperatures will be one of the main areas we will have to work on." Testing on the bench has been going on for some time now. "We already had a prototype running on the test bench towards the end of last year, while we are completing the one that will run in the actual car at the moment," revealed Marmorini. "We have a very challenging plan to be ready in March. We can't afford any hiccough today and I am confident that we will be ready. We have been working for some time to have this car ready but it's a challenging task. Only at the first race next year will we see if we have done a good job."

Another regulation that is exercising the minds of the scientists is that the fuel flow of these new power units must not exceed 100 kilos per hour and there are concerns this could mark a return to drivers having to save fuel rather than race. "Ferrari feels this could be a danger," admitted Marmorini. "We like Formula 1 to consider efficiency, but we don't like Formula 1 to be a sport where you are cruising for 50% of the laps."

At the moment, engine development is frozen but with the brand new 2014 project, there has to be a thaw. "With a completely new power unit, some sort of development from the first to the second year has to be done," continued Ferrari's engine man. "The amount of modifications you can do will reduce each year, from a fair amount of modifications for the first year and then in the second and third years, the number of modifications will be reduced. By the third and fourth years we will come to a situation which is very similar to what we have right now." No discussion about an F1 engine can be complete without talking about horsepower, so Marmorini did just that. "When we defined these regulations with the FIA the idea was to have very similar horsepower to what we have today. A current F1 engine has around 750 horsepower, and you have 80 horsepower more from the KERS. Next year, with an engine having somewhere between 600 and 650 horsepower and an additional 160 horsepower coming from the ERS, if you add the two it's very similar to what you have today. Next year, whoever can handle the engine in a good way and be reliable will have good results. But it will be difficult to run the season without issues, considering we are talking about four to five thousand kilometres per unit which is almost double what we are doing right now."


18/12/2013 - Shell announces today that Scuderia Ferrari's new V6 Formula One engine will contest the 2014 season with an entirely new suite of bespoke fuels and lubricants.

To complement the new Ferrari engine, unveiled today in Maranello, Italy, Technical Partner Shell has developed a range of fuels, lubricants and fluids for the 2014 project. This latest step in Shell's long-standing partnership with Ferrari has seen the pair tackle their most recent technical challenge with gusto.

Since the start of the 2014 project, Shell has blended more than 50 versions of the Shell V-Power racing fuel for bench testing, with the final few candidates currently undergoing the final stages of evaluation ahead of the first track sessions of 2014.

Speaking about the 2014 changes, Andrew Foulds, Shell Vice President Fuels Technology, commented: "FIA fuel and oil technical regulations remain unchanged in 2014, but the new engine's appetite and power band is radically different from its predecessor, which has allowed us the freedom to explore and innovate in new areas. Of equal relevance to us as the change in engine configuration is the limit to the amount of fuel that can be used in each race. Finding a fuel that offers power and efficiency is of course the holy grail. Our development process has been on-going for a long time now and we are delighted with the performance gains and efficiency we have been able to find in the evolution of the fuel blends alone."

The 2014 lubricant is also different from previous formulations.

Andrew continues: "Not only are we faced with a brand new engine and powertrain configuration in 2014 with the addition of a turbo, but also the power unit lifespan has been increased. With only five engines available to each driver each season there is a fine line between how hard we can push for performance whilst maintaining the reliability of which Shell is so proud. The Shell Helix Ultra formulations we are developing with Ferrari are pushing these boundaries and yielding vital information that will be exploited through our continual development activity for both racing and road applications."

The V6 engine introduction heralds a new era in Formula One with all engine manufacturers adapting to new regulations with smaller V6 1.6 litre turbocharged engines replacing the established V8 2.4 litre power unit.

Richard Bracewell, Shell Global Sponsorships Manager, speaking at the event said, "A challenge of this magnitude is what we live for. This is not the first time Shell has worked together with Ferrari to meet new technical regulations in Formula One and I'm sure it will not be the last. Shell has been developing products in Formula One since 1950 and in that time has won over 160 races with Ferrari in a wide variety of engines. It is the strength of this Technical Partnership that allows us to continually develop fuels and lubricants ensuring that any technological advantage developed for Ferrari is passed directly through to the motorist."

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    • 1 Second Ago
      Iruka Umino
      • 1 Year Ago
      What's faster? Stock Ferrari La Ferrari or a La Ferrari w/v6 turbo F1 engine? I think the stock Ferrari may actually be faster.
        • 1 Year Ago
        @Iruka Umino
        The F1 engine would be a lot lighter, but I really doubt the turbo V6 would be putting out 800hp or reaching 950hp with KERS.
      Steve K
      • 1 Year Ago
      These new power systems seem insanely complicated. Say goodbye to the 1 mechanical DNF a year per team we have become used to. I predict 1/3 attrition at least. The ecokooks are the ones really ruining the world and now my favorite sport is another one of their victims, hostage to a religion of stupidity feeding politicos and the green lobby billions of dollars a year.
        • 1 Year Ago
        @Steve K
        You're right, they should just do Formula E. It's all electric. I've never had a blender break down on me so there won't be any DNF's from mechanical issues. No clutch, no transmission, no pistons, no cylinders, no valves, no spark plugs, just simple coiled wires and a fixed reduction gear. You can't get much easier than that.
        • 1 Year Ago
        @Steve K
        The eco-friendly aspect is fine, because it will soon trickle down to everyday road cars. What ruins the show in F1 is the insane level of investment in aerodynamics: it made overtaking difficult (and provided its own flawed solution in the form of the DRS) and few of the advancements gained here can be put to use anywhere else.
      Dave D
      • 1 Year Ago
      I'm so glad to see a shakeup and an emphasis on something besides aerodynamics. ....maybe another team besides Red Bull will finally win something!
        JF GeSchmidtt
        • 1 Year Ago
        @Dave D
        The rules are supposed to remove 30% of the downforce for 2014. I know that each time they have trimmed downforce in the past the engineers have figured out ways to negate the restrictions. The fascinating part of F1 is the engineering. The racing of the cars is icing on the cake. What irritates me in F1 racing today is the tire situation. I think everyone would be happier with tires that allow the drivers to push all of the time, at least I would be happier...
      • 1 Year Ago
      The partnership with Shell sheds light on their ignorant devotion to the combustion engine and reluctance to use electric drive. Shell has a long history of unfettered evil.
        • 1 Year Ago
        Uhm, let's think about this "ignorant devotion" shall we? Don't the FIA regulations explicitly define engine and drivetrains? I think they do so really? Where's the ignorance now? Perhaps its not with the team?
      Jeff Lepper
      • 1 Year Ago
      No close enough to actual design. F1 engines haven't had camshafts in a long time. I am sure they will continue to use pneumatic or hydraulic to control the valves.
        Mike Jones
        • 1 Year Ago
        @Jeff Lepper
        F1 engines still have camshafts, the pneumatics are in place of the valve springs.
      • 1 Year Ago
      Although, the turbo engine sounds good. Nothing but nothing sounds symphonic like a screaming NA engine. Learned quite a bit with the first video. I hope these new rules will make F1 interesting again.
      • 1 Year Ago
      So this one is steam powered too?
      • 1 Year Ago
      Turbo to generate electricity? how fancy is that!
      • 1 Year Ago
      I don't think the second video is the F1 engine in a LaFerrari for two reasons. First, the penalty for getting caught testing the F1 engine like this is much too great to take a chance. Second, you can clearly hear a blow-off valve. The F1 engine doesn't have a blow-off valve because it doesn't need it. The compressor on the turbo is driven by an electric motor so it can precisely control the boost without a blow-off valve.
      Space Traveler
      • 1 Year Ago
      First included AD video that I did not skip! Very Nice graphics throughout. Sophisticated technology employed for 2014. But, will it be enough to out pole, get past or stay in front of Vettel?? We'll see in a couple of months . . . Stay Tuned F1 Fans!!!!
      • 1 Year Ago
      This is old news, by a few weeks. The only thing that surprised me is that Ferrari was stupid enough to have this thing caught on a cell phone video. Or maybe the video was leaked on purpose as a part of some kind of psychological warfare against Mercedes and Renault engineers.
      • 1 Year Ago
      Wake up f1 fans who talk about who the best driver is !! There is no "best driver" in the sport these days because the car is the whole thing. Red Bull has the best car and that is it. The team that has the money to hire the best will win and any number of drivers could do what Vettel has done given Red Bull's assets. I fondly look back at the old days when Ronnie Peterson took an aging Lotus 72 to victory long after that car was obsolescent. He proved his talent and was beloved by fans and his fellow drivers. Vettel will become the new Schumacher and will, like Schumi, never be a beloved figure. They seem similar in temperment, with a kind of arrogance that is unappealing. As far as I am concerned, Alonso, Kimi, and many others are as talented as Sebastian.
        • 1 Year Ago
        To be fair, it was always supposed to be about the car, NOT the driver. Companies just hired the best drivers they could find to make the most of their race cars, only because they wanted to make sure the car was driven at its fullest potential.
        • 1 Year Ago
        Agreed. I have to say that I believe Hamilton is a better driver than Vettel. But in F1 it doesnt matter if your car isnt up to snuff. I guess the real test will be to see how many points Ricciardo can score in his new Red Bull as opposed to last season (20) with Toro Rosso.
          Mike Jones
          • 1 Year Ago
          There is no way that Hamilton could come within 75 points in a season to Vettel if they were both driving the Red Bull. Hamilton has way to many mental breakdowns which Vettel never has.
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