Did you know that the Yaris is Toyota's best-selling vehicle in Europe? That may help explain to us Americans why the car that's lowest on the company's totem poll here in the US got turned into an all-wheel-drive hybrid track monster for the 2013 Frankfurt Monster Show.

Called the Toyota Yaris Hybrid-R, this three-door pocket rocket isn't just a hybrid making a lot of horsepower – it incorporates technology from Toyota's TS030 Hybrid racecar that competes in the FIA World Endurance Championship series, including the 24 Hours of Le Mans. The Yaris Hybrid-R packs a 300-horsepower, turbocharged, 1.6-liter four-cylinder engine under its hood, which should be enough for most speed freaks, but Toyota pairs it with two 60-hp electric motors at each rear wheel (the same ones used in the production Yaris Hybrid that's sold in Europe). That makes total system output an insane-for-this-size 420 hybrid horsies.

But that's not all, as the Yaris Hybrid-R forgoes the traditional battery pack below the rear seats in favor of a supercapacitor, which can both hold more energy and has a much faster power charge/discharge speed than traditional batteries. Paired with the supercapacitor is a third 60-hp electric motor/generator positioned between the engine and six-speed sequential transmission. Its job is to feed the super capacitor energy during deceleration and direct its power to the rear electric motors when more grip and oomph is needed.

Indeed, the powertrain for this through-the-road hybrid is decidedly more high-tech and competition-spec oriented than the somewhat boy race appearance package suggests, though we dig the 18-inch TRD wheels wrapped in proper Michelin Pilot Sport Cup tires and Recaro seats. And it's not just a track warrior, as Toyota engineers have given it both Track and Road driving modes, though a track is the only place you would ever see the Yaris Hybrid-R's potential fully realized. What this all means is anyone's guess, but if it suggests that Toyota can transfer technology like this from the track to the street, we can't wait to see which production car is first in line for it.
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YARIS HYBRID-R DEDICATED TO MAXIMISING DRIVING PLEASURE

Making its World Premiere at the 2013 Frankfurt Motor Show, the Yaris Hybrid-R concept car combines the advanced technology of the compact volume seller Toyota Yaris Hybrid with high-performance engineering inspired by Toyota's racing prototype, the TS030 HYBRID, which participated at Le Mans and in the World Endurance Championship. The result is a highly focused concept car dedicated to maximising driving pleasure on road and on track.
Brussels, Belgium -

Good to know
- A showcase of ideas for the future of hybrid technology
- Yaris HYBRID-R technology directly inspired by the TOYOTA Racing program in the FIA World Endurance Championship series
- An e-4WD hybrid vehicle with a maximum system output of 420hp
- A resolutely sportier and anticipatory execution of the Keen look and Under Priority design philosophy

Hybrid technology is still young - with the first generation Toyota Prius appearing in 1997, just 16 years ago. As such, it still has its future ahead and a great potential to evolve in many different directions. Only recently, hybrid technology has started to appear in racing programs, but is not yet fully established in people minds as a performance oriented solution. The Yaris Hybrid-R concept car is a clear showcase of possible ideas for the development of hybrid technology for maximum performance and increased driving pleasure.

The Hybrid powertrain
Based on the Yaris 3-door, the Yaris Hybrid R concept hybrid powertrain configuration, employs a powerful and highly tuned 1.6l petrol engine combined with two powerful electric motors to provide an 'intelligent' electric four-wheel drive capability.

The front wheels are driven by a 300hp 4-cylinder 1.6 turbo engine with direct injection specifically developed by Toyota Motorsport GmbH (TMG) according to the rules of the International Automobile Federation (FIA) for a Global Race Engine to be utilised in different motorsport disciplines.

At the rear, each wheel is individually powered by a 60hp electric motor – the same as those used in the standard Yaris Hybrid. The hybrid powertrain system develops a total system output of 420 hp.

The two electric motors work as electric generators during the braking phase, and supplement the petrol engine during the accelerating phases.

Just like in the TS030 HYBRID, the energy recovered during the braking phase is stored in a super capacitor. In the Yaris Hybrid-R it is located under the rear seat, where the Yaris Hybrid battery is usually positioned. Compared to the standard NiMh hybrid battery, the super capacitor has a higher power density and a fast power charge / discharge speed. It is perfectly suited to the requirements of sporty driving on track, which requires brief and immediate bursts of power.

A 3rd 60hp electric motor, located between the engine and the 6 gear sequential transmission, operates as a generator in two different cases: during deceleration to feed the super capacitor and during acceleration to directly power the rear electric motors.

The latter will only happen when the engine power and torque exceed the grip potential of the front wheels. The generator behaves like an advanced traction control system, redirecting the torque as electric energy to the rear wheels, to boost the acceleration and improve the handling rather than to simply limit the engine power.

Good to know
- Front wheels powered by a 300hp 1.6l turbo racing engine
- Rears wheels powered by two 60 hp standard Yaris Hybrid motors
- Just like in the TS030 HYBRID, the energy is stored in a super capacitor
- Advanced traction control thanks to a third electric motor in the front

A resolutely sporty design
The Yaris Hybrid-R features a more aggressive and emotional interpretation of the design language that characterises recent Toyota models. The Keen Look and Under Priority design philosophy is reinforced by the adoption of newly designed headlights, a wider front grille and black and blue details that contrast with the white body colour.

The specific bumper design incorporates two large air intakes and blue LED daytime running lights. The intakes greatly contribute to the front brake cooling, while the shape of the lower lip is designed to centrally channel underbody air flow.

The flared fenders house bespoke 18-inch TRD wheels fitted with 225/40 R18 Michelin Pilot Sport Cup tyres featuring an asymmetrical tread design to complement the Yaris Hybrid-R sporty philosophy. Ideally suited for a mixed use on the road and on the track, this choice of high-performance tyre is a symbol of the fruitful cooperation between Michelin and our racing team involved in the World Endurance Championship series.

Grooved and perforated brake discs are gripped by six-piston callipers in the front and four-piston callipers in the rear. Located on the rear pillar, a quick opening fuel cap makes easier a quick refuel in the pits.

At the rear, Yaris Hybrid specific LED lights maintain the link with the production car. An exclusive spoiler is mounted on the roof and the redesigned bumper incorporates a large diffuser, with an exhaust pipe framed by two air extractors.

Good to know
- 18-inch TRD wheels
- Michelin Pilot Sport Cup tyres for a mixed use on the road and on the track
- A push button on the steering wheel to select "road" or "track" mode
- Dual tone Recaro Bucket seats

A racing cockpit
Matching the colours outside, the dual tone Recaro bucket seats feature black leather side bolsters and blue Alcantara®. The same blue Alcantara® covers part of the door panels and the dashboard to give the interior a more cohesive, racing-inspired feel.

Ideally located high and close to the driver's right hand, the shift lever of the sequential gearbox is set up to quickly change down gears by pushing the lever forwards, and to change up by pulling it back.

The sport steering wheel wrapped in Alcantara® welcomes a racing inspired push button to select, at rest, either the "Track" or "Road" mode, or while driving , the "Boost" function.
The driving position is ideally completed by a set of GT 86 sport pedals.

A 'Road' mode for day-to-day driving
The 'Road' mode is characterized by a reduction of the engine output and an appropriate management of the amount of energy the super capacitor can distribute to reduce fuel consumption and CO2 emissions. Accordingly, the turbo compression ratio of the 1.6l engine is reduced and the injection / ignition mapping adjusted.

The hybrid system works seamlessly with the 1.6 turbo petrol engine, especially during start-up phase at low rpms when the efficiency of the conventional engine not yet optimum.

The super capacitor can release the energy recovered under braking for a maximum duration of 10 seconds, while the total power of the two electric motors is limited to 40 hp.

To maintain a sufficient state of charge in the super capacitor, the third electric motor can be used at any time as a generator.

Depending on the state of charge of the battery, the Yaris Hybrid-R may also operate in full electric mode for short distances, especially during parking operations.

Good to know
- 40 hp for 10 seconds in "road" mode
- 120 hp for 5 seconds in "track" mode
- Torque vectoring: the amount of torque channelled to each rear wheel can vary thanks to the rear electric motors
- Advanced traction control: third electric motor redirects extra amount of torque as electric energy to the rear wheels

A 'Track' mode for track days
The 'Track' mode makes full use of the maximum system output of the engine and a performance oriented energy management. The 1.6 turbo engine develops 300 hp and provides maximum torque of 420 Nm, while the rear electric motors can reach a combined maximum power peak of 120 hp for up to 5 seconds.

At low speeds, or in a curve, when the engine power and torque exceed the grip potential of the front wheels, the third electric motor can directly power the rear electric motors. The generator behaves like an advanced traction control system, redirecting the petrol engine extra amount of torque as electric energy to the rear wheels.

Rear electric motors - one per wheel – can greatly influence the Yaris Hybrid-R handling characteristics during cornering by altering the distribution of torque between the left and right rear wheels.

Each engine can be used independently as a generator or a motor to achieve the same effect as an intelligent torque vectoring differential.

Depending on the radius of the curve, the system can send more torque to the outside rear wheel allowing higher cornering speeds into the corner (middle-speed curves), apply more braking force to the inside wheel (fast curves), or even brake and accelerate each wheel independently (slow curves) to adjust the yaw effect for a better line, to limit steering angle, and understeer.

With the particularly high system output of its hybrid powertrain, an energy management system strongly oriented towards the reach of maximum performance and the utilisation of the engines for better handling, the Yaris Hybrid-R concept indicates a potential direction for the development of hybrid technology towards more driving pleasure.

Connecting the Real and Virtual worlds
The Yaris Hybrid-R concept utilises the same CAN-Gateway ECU system developed for the GT86 coupe in collaboration with the video game developer Polyphony for the 6th version of the famous GranTurismo game to be launched before the end of the year.

Unveiled last spring at the Silverstone circuit at the occasion of the 15 years anniversary of the Gran Turismo game, the CAN-Gateway ECU system allows the drivers of the GT86 Coupe to record on a USB key, or on a Smartphone, the racing data collected while driving on the track. GPS data, longitudinal accelerations, steering angles, gear changes, engine speed, vehicle speed, and even water temperature are then used to reproduce the conditions of a real lap of the track on the video game console and compare it to virtual laps done with the game.

The Yaris Hybrid-R Concept takes this technology one step further, by utilising the same principle but in a reverse way. We could imagine that the data of the laps recorded through the video game could be sent to the vehicle ECU. The electronic management of the car could potentially anticipate the driving conditions of each track, to optimise the phases of energy recovery, the operation of the traction control, the amount of energy used at each step and optimise the handling through the rear electric motors.

A 1.6l turbo engine designed for competition
The 1.6l turbo engine of the Yaris Hybrid-R concept was developed by Toyota Motorsport GmbH. It meets the FIA regulations for a global motor (Global Race Engine – "GRE"). To reduce the cost of motorsport, the FIA has setup specific rules for a unique 4-cylinder engine designed to be used in a variety of motorsport disciplines.

Each discipline can set its own technical regulations, in terms of displacement between 1.6 and 2-litre,whether it is turbocharged or not and therefore with power levels ranging from 150 to 500 hp. Originally, even Formula 1 cars could have been equipped with this engine.

As this engine is specifically adapted to racing conditions, it should be more reliable and less expensive to maintain than an engine derived from the production series.

Since 2011, the GRE formula has been used as a 1.6l turbo in the World Rally Championship (WRC) and in the World Touring Car Championship (WTCC). Next year, it will make its debut in Formula 3 as an atmospheric 2.0 litre version.

The GRE engine developed by Toyota Motorsport GmbH has already undertaken extensive performance and reliability testing on the dynamometers at the technical centre in Cologne. Upon completion of the development programme, TMG will make the GRE available to private teams whilst also using it as a base for any possible Toyota motorsport programme in the future.

Key TMG Global Race Engine Specifications
Engine Size: 1595 cm3
Fuel System Type: Direct Injection (up to 200 bar)
Air System Type: Turbo Garett GTR2560R (max boost pressure : 2.5 bar)
Air restrictor: 33 mm
Max. Power: + de 300 ch at 6000 rpm
Max. Torque : 420 Nm
Max. RPM : 7500 rpm


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    • 1 Second Ago
  • 37 Comments
      Rotation
      • 1 Year Ago
      Wow, no, supercapacitors (usually termed ultracapacitors) do not hold more energy than traditional batteries. By volume it's not even close. By mass it's closer since ultracapacitors are less dense, but the ultracapacitor still loses handily. In addition, it's "totem pole".
      A_Guy
      • 1 Year Ago
      What the hell is this? TAKE MY MONEY
      DaveMart
      • 1 Year Ago
      'But that's not all, as the Yaris Hybrid-R forgoes the traditional battery pack below the rear seats in favor of a supercapacitor, which can both hold more energy and has a much faster power charge/discharge speed than traditional batteries. ' More power, yeah. The idea that they can hold more energy is risible, and shows that the writer has not got any clue at all about how the technology works. Another one from the ABG joke shop.
      inthefresh
      • 1 Year Ago
      I would buy and drive this everyday.
      ishmaelcrowley
      • 1 Year Ago
      Capacitors instead of batteries seems the way to go. I don't know if Casio was the company that got this ball rolling with their Nighthawk Eco-drive watches that charge their capacitors from light, but now that other companies such as Mazda and Toyota as using them, hopefully we will see some dramatic improvements in this technology. One advantage of capacitors over batteries is that capacitors tend to last longer than batteries, so you could park your car for a while in the garage and not kill the capacitor. Good going Toyota (and Mazda and Casio).
        PICKLEBOY
        • 1 Year Ago
        @ishmaelcrowley
        yeah, but the draw back to capacitors is that they release their energy much quicker than a battery even though they charge up quickly. Which is why the capacitors in this practice are used as a boost vs a continuos electric power. The technology is amazing
        Rotation
        • 1 Year Ago
        @ishmaelcrowley
        Eco-Drives use rechargeable lithium-ion batteries, not capacitors. I have several. Eco-Drives always used lithium-ion batteries. Early Seiko Kinetics (that used motion of your arm for energy, not light) used a different kind of storage, some say it was a capacitor. But those didn't work well, and broke after 18 months. Seiko changed them over to lithium-ion batteries and in fact would retrofit/fix your early model for you. Eco-Drives didn't come around until 2-3 years after Kinetics and so they never used anything but the technology which had been proven to work, lithium-ion batteries.
      bK
      • 1 Year Ago
      This is the future of hybrids!
      Satinder Anand
      • 1 Year Ago
      If this BadAss comes to Canada I will buy it asa It hits the dealership close to my house
      purrpullberra
      • 1 Year Ago
      The Yaris is a Yugo, why fake desirability? The yaris is, it works, but what about the car is there to 'show off'? Toyota have a few cars that would not be a joke like this is, if Toyota were smart and put this high tech in a matching vehicle. Even the iQ would be better off with this set-up. Oh well, no one bats 1000. Awesome capacitor tech. I'd sure show off that! Just on a non-bottom-feeder car.
      sp33dklz
      • 1 Year Ago
      Boring car, phenominal technology.
      AcidTonic
      • 1 Year Ago
      Next Evo is rumored to be similar to this car's powertrain, but with the electric wheels powering the front and the engine powering the rear.... and a turbo diesel instead of a gasser 1.6. But this *concept* is cool. I'm waiting for a production car.
        Jazzor
        • 1 Year Ago
        @AcidTonic
        Every car maker out there is hell bent on stealing Mitsu's thunder... and they deserve it for being so damn slow at everything... All this crap, was first lined out by Mitsu back in '08... to this date, they have yet to release a single one of those hybrid-diesel concepts such as the Concept RA, the rumored Evo XI, their Concept GR (hybrid truck), the much better looking iMieV '13 Concept... they just waste R&D on concepts that look and sound great on paper, yet never make it out... add a couple of seasons, and there goes a bigger car manufacturer and makes it happen... tsk, tsk tsk, Mitsu -__-
      throwback
      • 1 Year Ago
      This would make for a nice Supra powertrain, just saying Toyota.
      pragonese
      • 1 Year Ago
      The Yaris R is the prototype sports car of the near future - the technology rivals that of the Porsche 918. I'll bet you will be able to get one for undwer 50K!
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