"Meet the new boss. Same as the old boss."

The Who lyric seems apropos, given the news that Toyota may double its hybrid-vehicle production this year and will maintain that sales level for the next three years as it expands both the number of hybrid models it offers and sales efforts to markets throughout Asia.

The world's largest hybrid-vehicle maker will "well surpass 1 million units" sold in 2012 and will exceed that 1-million-hybrid annual sales level for 2013 through 2015, Toyota said in a statement Monday. Toyota also plans to debut no fewer than 21 new hybrid models during the next three years.

Toyota's 2001 hybrid sales were hampered by an earthquake and tsunami that struck Japan in March 2011. It has doubled U.S. sales this year compared to last year. Through August, the company sold more than 221,000 hybrids in the U.S., including more than 199,000 Prius hybrids. Domestic sales have been helped by Toyota's expansion of the Prius line to include compact (Prius C), wagon (Prius V) and plug-in hybrid variants. Toyota also sells hybrid versions of the Camry and Highlander.
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TMC Announces Status of Its Environmental Technology Development, Future Plans

21 Hybrids to be Launched by End of 2015, Newly Developed "eQ" EV Revealed

Toyota City, Japan, September 24, 2012-Toyota Motor Corporation (TMC) announces the progress of development of environmental technologies as well as its vehicle deployment plans through 2015. TMC is developing environmental technologies with the aims of conserving energy by improving fuel efficiency and reducing emissions, and of diversifying fuel sources by encouraging the use of electricity, hydrogen and other alternative energies. TMC also announces plans to launch 211 new hybrid vehicles models from now until the end of 2015.

In the area of energy conservation, TMC has developed a gasoline engine that achieves maximum thermal efficiency at the world's highest2 levels, a high-performance clean diesel engine and a high efficiency transmission.

In the area of fuel diversification, a newly developed Toyota electric vehicle (EV) boasts the world's best2 electric power consumption rate3. In the field of fuel cells, which use hydrogen to generate electricity, the latest version of the Toyota FC Stack achieves the world's highest power output density. TMC plans to launch a new fuel cell bus (FC bus) currently in development with Hino Motors, Ltd. (Hino).

TMC, knowing that revolutionary advances in the performance of next-generation batteries are vital, has developed-at a special-purpose in-house research division-new battery cells that offer substantially improved output density over all-solid-state batteries. TMC is also working on wireless battery charging, which will enhance the charging convenience of plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHVs) and EVs.

1) Initiatives for Energy Conservation
Gasoline engines
An enhanced engine for use in hybrid vehicles, based on the 2.5-liter AR gasoline engine, adopts the Atkinson cycle and D-4S4 system. The enhanced engine achieves the world's highest2 maximum thermal efficiency5 of 38.5 percent, realizing both high fuel efficiency and high output. Hybrid vehicle models equipped with the engine will be launched starting 2013.

Starting 2014, TMC plans to launch a vehicle with a new 2.0-liter, turbo-charged AR engine, also based on the 2.5-liter AR gasoline engine. The new engine's smaller
displacement will provide higher fuel efficiency while the turbocharger will improve output.

Diesel engines
Improvements such as an increase in fuel injection system pressure and the adoption of a compact, high-efficiency turbocharger have allowed the 1.4-liter ND diesel engine
for passenger cars to achieve both high fuel efficiency and high driving performance.

Furthermore, the adoption of newly developed exhaust gas cleaning technology enabled the engine to pass the Euro 6, one of the most stringent exhaust emission
standards in the world. Vehicles equipped with the new diesel engine are planned for launch starting 2015.

The 3.0-liter KD diesel engine for commercial vehicles uses i-ART6, the world's first2 injection system to maintain a high level of injection precision at high pressure,
achieving high fuel efficiency and low emissions. TMC first installed the engine in the "Hilux" pickup truck for the Brazilian market in April 2012.

TMC's newly developed continuously variable transmission, Super CVT-i, has achieved both superior fuel efficiency and smooth acceleration due to its unsurpassed transmission efficiency, improved integrated engine control and reductions in both size and weight. The transmission, first installed on the Corolla for the Japanese market in June 2012, is planned for use on additional models, particularly in the compact segment.

A new front-wheel-drive eight-speed, automatic transmission-as compact and lightweight as a six-speed automatic transmission-provides smooth and highly receptive acceleration with highly responsive gear shifting, as well as superior fuel efficiency. The new transmission was first installed on the Lexus "RX 350 F Sport" SUV for the Northern American market in August 2012.

Hybrid Vehicles
TMC expects global sales of its hybrid vehicles to well surpass 1 million units in 2012. With its plan to launch 21 new hybrid models between now and the end of 2015, TMC expects to maintain this level of sales, forecasting global sales of its hybrid vehicles to be at least 1 million units a year from 2013 to 2015.

2) Initiatives for Fuel Diversification
Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles
TMC plans to enhance the appeal of the "Prius PHV" plug-in hybrid vehicle (launched in January of 2012) by expanding available vehicle grades and by offering an accessory outlet designed to use the hybrid system as a power supply that can also be used in times of emergency.

Electric Vehicles
TMC's newly developed high-performance, compact electric vehicle-the "eQ" 7 -features a new high-output lithium-ion battery that uses a minimum amount of space and boasts improved electric power consumption rate-the world's best2-of 104 Wh/km. Despite its small capacity of 12 kWh, the battery enables a driving range of 100 km8 on a single charge and a top speed of 125 km/h. With an AC 200 V power source, the battery can be fully charged in approximately three hours. Starting December 2012, TMC plans to offer the eQ to local governments and selected users in Japan and the U.S. on a limited basis.

Fuel Cell Vehicles
After steady advances in development, TMC's proprietary FC stack-for use in the sedan-type FCV scheduled for launch around 2015-boasts the world's highest2 FC power output density of 3 kW/L, which is more than twice the density of the FC stack currently used in the "FCHV-adv" fuel-cell hybrid prototype, but is approximately half the size and weight.

TMC has also developed a high-efficiency boost converter. Increasing the voltage has made it possible to reduce the size of the motor and the number of FC cells, leading to a smaller FC system with enhanced performance at reduced cost. TMC and its subsidiary Hino Motors are accelerating joint development of a new FC bus, with the goal of a launch in 2016.

Future Electrification Technologies
-Next-Generation Batteries
In the area of all-solid batteries, TMC has developed a new solid electrolyte with the world's highest2 performance level. Through this, TMC succeeded in improving ion flow, boosting output density by a factor of five (compared to TMC's existing batteries).

Wireless Battery Charging
TMC is developing wireless battery charging technology that transmits electric power using resonance resulting from changes in magnetic field intensity between two coils. TMC will conduct a verification test in Toyota City, Aichi Prefecture in 2013 to evaluate performance in a real world environment.

Hybrid technology, capable of both high levels of fuel efficiency and driving performance, can be easily combined with various types of fuel and also includes core technologies necessary for developing many types of "eco-cars". TMC, believing that eco-cars can only contribute to society through their widespread use, will continue to refine conventional engine fuel efficiency while placing hybrid technology as key to further improving the performance of eco-cars, reducing their cost and improving the overall TMC product lineup.

1Total passenger car models consisting of additional (new) models and fully redesigned existing models
2As of August 2012, according to TMC
3Electric energy (Wh) required for driving a vehicle over a distance of one kilometer. AC power consumption rate, based on a test under the JC08 test cycle outlined by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism
4Direct injection 4-stroke gasoline engine superior version
5Calorific value effectively utilized for generating motive force (i.e., fuel that was used for actually moving the vehicle) as a percentage of the thermal energy provided to drive the engine (i.e., fuel used). Increasing this
percentage leads to higher fuel efficiency.
6Stands for "Intelligent Accuracy Refinement Technology", which autonomously compensates for injection characteristics
7A name given to allude to the words electric, quality, cue (to a new way to live) and cubic
8In the JC08 test cycle of the Japanese Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism

Overview of the "eQ" Electric Vehicle
Major Features
- High performance electric vehicle designed for daily commutes, shopping and other short distance travel; provides efficient energy use with a compact battery space and
vehicle body that affords easy-to-handle, light and brisk driving.
- Boasts the world's best1 electric power consumption rate of 104 Wh/km, a driving range of 100 km2 on a single charge and a top speed of 125 km/h.
- Battery can be fully charged in approximately three hours with an AC 200 V power source.
- A compact body in a highly efficient package with an advanced and refined design.

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    • 1 Second Ago
      • 2 Years Ago
      I was curious as to how much gas those cars will save over their ICE counter parts. Here are my assumptions, which may be conservative: * One average, the hybrids will get 42 mpg. * They replace ICE cars that get, on average 30 mpg. * They will last an average of 120,000 miles. They will save 1.14 billion gallons of gas.
        • 2 Years Ago
        Camry Hybrid LE - 41 MPG Highlander Hybrid 4WD - 28 MPG Prius - 50 MPG Prius c - 50 MPG Prius v - 42 MPG The average of all hybrids come out to 42.2 MPG. Camry 2.5L - 28 MPG Highlander 4WD -19 MPG Matrix - 28 MPG Yaris - 32 MPG Venza - 22 MPG The average of comparable gas models come out to 25.8 MPG. With 120k miles per car, the saving is 1.84 billion gallons of gas. If we use 150k miles per car (hybrid battery warranty period), they will save 2.26 billion gallons of gas.
        • 2 Years Ago
        That may be a good average for all hybrids, but some do much better. Mine has an average of 51.4 for the last 3,000 miles over 5 months. 30mpg for the typical ICE may be high. I don't think there is a mid-size cart hat is not hybrid with a combined number that high. Even compacts and smaller seldom have more than 32mpg combined and compact represent a rather small percentage of the car population.
      • 2 Years Ago
      "Toyota's 2001 hybrid sales were hampered by an earthquake and tsunami that struck Japan in March 2011." TIME TRAVEL???
      • 2 Years Ago
      It is important to note that hybrids save gasoline without using electricity. There is no need to plug it in. Gas saving is from the increase in efficiency (extracting more useful energy from gasoline).
        Ford Future
        • 2 Years Ago
        True, but Plugin Hybrids save you more gas, and replace that with cheaper electric power that you can produce on your own roof, or by buying your electric power from a wind source. Plugin Hybrids have larger batteries, therefore on longer downhill runs they can store more energy back into the battery to climb bigger steeper hills then an regular hybrid.
      • 2 Years Ago
      When is that so called massive TV set type price drop coming with high numbers in the US and Japan, and 10 years of being up for sale in the UK? No sign of the big LCD TV set drop in price, promised as the technology is supposed to get cheaper with time, still non-hybrid diesels sell for a fraction of the price here in Europe, get better MPG and longevity, and durability is much better without expensive battery replacements that would keep a diesel running for free fuel for a decade..
        • 2 Years Ago
        Te Prius C is Bout $19K, which, although more expensive than ICE counterparts, is very reasonable. There is also the C-Max that will be coming out, which for the size of vehicle, is very competitive. One issue we see is, when TV's came out, all of the manufactures started to manufacture them. With cars, Toyota isn't the only manufacturer, but the only 'serious' manufacturer. Ford looks to be stepping up, and they are pricing competitively. Prices on hybrids will always be a bit more expensive. And why not? They have two engines (or more), batteries....but make money back in the long term...
          • 2 Years Ago
          Folk here in the UK just look at £23,000 74 MPG Prius think ah, l can get BMW 320D that returns a better 80 MPG a real drivers car with superb handling for just another £3,000, after 4 years the Prius is worth £7,000 and the BMW 320D £11,000, not much in it until you get close to 10 years with $2,500 battery replacements looming. Once Folk here see that quality car starting to register on the radar thats also got better MPG with better depreciation they forget about £23,000 Prius & £35,000 Amperes. I know that the Prius is a regular top 20 car Stateside but in Europe No137th in our sales charts, never really caught on with 1,933 sales in a month the top selling hybrid in Europe, BMW 3 Series No9 in Europe (Not all diesel sales l know). But until Toytota break away High Quality prestige car prices with that so called "BIg price drop as the technology become cheaper" lie after being 10 years the will continue to buy BMW & Merc diesels in Europe rather than the Prius. http://bestsellingcarsblog.com/2012/06/26/europe-april-2012-now-available-with-top-322-all-models-ranking/ Good thing about Ford is they don't rush their products on to the market until they think their is a real market, and when Americans put their mind to something it, it will be damm good, like you say the C-Max hybrid will be very good when it arrives in Europe.
          Ford Future
          • 2 Years Ago
          EZEE +1. Rick, there is no battery replacement needed in 10 years. The Original Toyota Prius's are still running with the same batteries. Tested by Consumer Reports, still getting the same mpg they were spec'ed to get when new. Diesel's produce cancerous micro-particals.
          • 2 Years Ago
          @Rick "...they think their is a real market..." Really? I thought it was just dumb Americans that couldn't differentiate between their, there and they're. I guess dumb Brits make the same mistake.
        • 2 Years Ago
        Never. There will be optimizations and incremental improvements but building better batteries is just not the same as photo-lithography and people that expect such drastic price drops are not living in the real world.
      Larz Larzen
      • 2 Years Ago
      Yeah, good, Toyota, but I just read a story yesterday about you leaving the BEV quest. I thought you had a deal with Elon Musk and Tesla. What happened? Not cool.
        • 2 Years Ago
        @Larz Larzen
        They are still working on the battery. There has been progress on the solid-state battery. http://techon.nikkeibp.co.jp/english/NEWS_EN/20120926/241911/
      • 2 Years Ago
      Yeah, good, Toyota, but I just read a story yesterday about you leaving the BEV quest. I thought you had a deal with Elon Musk and Tesla. What happened?
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