Ford Motor Co.
Executive Chairman Bill Ford is worried about "global gridlock" over the next four decades. The good news is that he sees a way out of the morass, a plan called the "Blueprint for Mobility" that he outlined during a keynote speech at the 2012 Mobile World Congress in Barcelona where he explained how the automotive and communications industries will need to cooperate to create in-car functions that will help alleviate the impact of more cars on the road.

Ford estimated that the number of light-duty vehicles on the road worldwide will quadruple to four billion over the next four decades. He spoke of congestion issues in places like Sao Paolo, where 100-mile traffic jams have been reported. To alleviate problems like this, automakers and communications companies should use the Blueprint's three-part plan, which focuses on the next 5-7 years, then the 2017-2025 time frame and things that come after 2025.

The key will be collaboration on in-vehicle communications systems over the next few decades in order to offset the effect of such a jump in vehicles, Ford said. For instance, by the end of the decade, Ford projected cars will have systems that will warn drivers of accidents or traffic jams, as well as vehicle-to-vehicle communication systems that allow cars that can self-park or self-drive in slow-moving traffic. He also sees an expansion of car sharing programs like ZipCar. By 2025, vehicles may have self-driving capabilities for highway driving, including lane-changing and highway-exiting functions and cloud communication systems that will allow the vehicle to suggest alternate routes.

Finally, between 2025 and 2050, cars may develop auto-pilot type navigation as well as automated valet systems that allow the cars to park themselves, according to Ford. With four billion vehicles on the road, though, finding a place to park may be the bigger problem.
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Bill Ford Outlines "Blueprint for Mobility" Vision – Calls On Mobile Industry to Help Develop Transportation Solutions

•Ford Motor Company Executive Chairman Bill Ford outlines vision for smart transportation and need for development of intelligent vehicles and transport systems at Mobile World Congress
•Ford Motor Company's "Blueprint for Mobility" calls for partnership with telecommunications industry to create an inter-connected transportation network as part of the solution for alleviating "global gridlock"
•Ford envisions a radically different transportation landscape where pedestrian, bicycle, private car, commercial and public transportation traffic are woven into a connected network to save time, conserve resources, lower emissions and improve safety
•Ford is already developing new business models and partnerships in anticipation of personal vehicle ownership in cities becoming increasingly impractical
•Ford announces AppLink smart phone app voice-control system to go global

BARCELONA, Spain, Feb. 27, 2012 – Ford Motor Company Executive Chairman Bill Ford has outlined a plan for connected cars to help avoid a potential future of crippling congestion.

During his keynote address at the 2012 Mobile World Congress in Barcelona, Ford told delegates that the number of cars on the world's roads is forecast to grow from 1 billion now to up to 4 billion by mid-century.

And he proposed that one way of avoiding the potentially global problem of an overcrowded road network is to create a global transportation network that utilizes communication between vehicles, transport infrastructure and individual mobile devices.

"If we do nothing, we face the prospect of 'global gridlock', a never-ending traffic jam that wastes time, energy and resources and even compromises the flow of commerce and healthcare," said Ford in a preview of Ford Motor Company's "Blueprint for Mobility". "The cooperation needed between the automotive and telecommunications industries will be greater than ever as we prepare for and manage the future. We will need to develop new technologies, as well as new ways of looking at the world," he added.

"No one company or industry will be able to solve the mobility issue alone and the speed at which solutions take hold will be determined largely by customer acceptance of new technologies. The telecommunications industry is critical in the creation of an inter-connected transportation system where cars are intelligent and can talk to one another as well as the infrastructure around them. Now is the time for us all to be looking at vehicles on the road the same way we look at smartphones, laptops and tablets; as pieces of a much bigger, richer network."

Addressing Mobile World Congress delegates earlier in the day Ford Motor Company also took the opportunity to announce that AppLink, a feature which delivers voice control of smart phone apps from the driver's seat, is being introduced globally as part of the SYNC voice-control and in-car connectivity system.

In the spirit of cooperation outlined in the keynote address, Ford plans to work closely with app developers around the world to provide the best services for Ford customers through AppLink.

"Blueprint for Mobility" adapts to a changing transport landscape

The company's "Blueprint for Mobility" will seek solutions for a problem that is already becoming a reality in expanding vehicle markets around the world. In Sao Paulo, traffic jams regularly exceed 100 miles and the average commute lasts between 2 and 3 hours a day. Despite this, car buying is growing at a rate of 7.5 percent annually. In China, the world's longest period of gridlock was registered at 11 days during 2010.

The problem is not restricted to emerging markets, either. For example, it is estimated that the cost of congestion to the economy in England through lost time will rise to around $35 billion (€26 billion) annually by 2025. In Germany, sustaining a town of 300,000 people is estimated to require 1,000 truck deliveries daily.

Solving the issue of urban mobility is a huge challenge that will only be successful if government collaboration, infrastructure development and industry come together globally.

During his keynote address, Ford focused on the opportunities and challenges presented by expanding communication networks and increasing global demand for personal mobility and commercial transportation as he outlined his vision for a future transport network integrated with mobile communications.

And as with the company's "Blueprint for Sustainability," which set near, mid- and long-term goals for significant reductions in the company's global environmental footprint, the "Blueprint for Mobility" defines the start of Ford's thinking on what transportation will look like in 2025 and beyond, and the technologies, business models and partnerships needed to get there, including;

Near-Term (5-7 years)
•Ford Motor Company to be at the forefront of developing increasingly intuitive in-car mobile communications options and driver interfaces that proactively alert drivers to traffic jams and accidents
•Developmental projects such as the vehicle-to-vehicle warning systems currently being explored at Ford's European Research and Advanced Engineering Centre, in Aachen, Germany, and intelligent speed control features to grow in capability
•The delivery of a better-connected, safer and more efficient driving experience with limited autonomous functions for parking and driving in slow-moving traffic – building on existing Ford features including Active Park Assist, Adaptive Cruise Control and Active City Stop
•Further development and defining of new vehicle ownership models, as already demonstrated through the Ford collaboration with Zipcar, the world's largest car sharing and car club service

Mid-Term (2017 – 2025)
•The introduction of semi-autonomous driving technology including driver-initiated "auto pilot" capabilities and vehicle platooning in limited situations - technologies that will provide improved safety and driver assistance features, but allow the driver to take control, if needed
•Significantly more interaction between individual cars on the road through utilization of ever-increasing computing power and numbers of sensors in vehicles, helping reduce the number of accidents at intersections and enabling limited semi-autonomous and autonomous highway lane changing and exiting
•The arrival of vehicle-to-cloud and vehicle-to infrastructure communication that contribute to greater time and energy efficiency by enabling vehicles to recommend alternative transport options when congestion is unavoidable and to pre-reserve parking at destinations
•The emergence of an integrated transport network, featuring cars plugged into public databases
•New city vehicle options as more and more 1, 2 and 3-passenger vehicles are introduced to help manoeuver city streets

"Cars are becoming mobile communications platforms and as such, they are a great untapped opportunity for the telecommunications industry. Right now, there are a billion computing devices in the form of individual vehicles out on our roads. They're largely unconnected from one another and the network," Ford said.

"We'll increasingly take advantage of the car as a rolling collection of sensors to reduce congestion and help prevent accidents. I'm confident that we will see many of these advances on the road in this mid-term period because the early versions are already being designed, and in most cases, tested."

Long-Term (2025+)
•A radically different transportation landscape where pedestrian, bicycle, private car, commercial and public transportation traffic will be woven into a single connected network to save time, conserve resources, lower emissions and improve safety
•Arrival of smart vehicles capable of fully autonomous navigation, with increased "auto pilot" operating duration, plus the arrival of autonomous valet functions, delivering effortless vehicle parking and storage
•Development of a true network of mobility solutions, with personal vehicle ownership complimented by greater use of connected and efficient shared services, and completely new business models contributing to improved personal mobility

Bill Ford's keynote at the 2012 Mobile World Congress was the first ever to be delivered at the leading annual communications industry event by an automotive industry executive, and followed his address at the TED 2011 conference in Long Beach, Calif.

Ford at 2012 Mobile World Congress

# # #

About Ford Motor Company
Ford Motor Company, a global automotive industry leader based in Dearborn, Mich., manufactures or distributes automobiles across six continents. With about 164,000 employees and about 70 plants worldwide, the company's automotive brands include Ford and Lincoln. The company provides financial services through Ford Motor Credit Company. For more information regarding Ford and its products worldwide, please visit http://corporate.ford.com

Ford of Europe is responsible for producing, selling and servicing Ford brand vehicles in 51 individual markets and employs approximately 66,000 employees. In addition to Ford Motor Credit Company, Ford of Europe operations include Ford Customer Service Division and 22 manufacturing facilities, including joint ventures. The first Ford cars were shipped to Europe in 1903 – the same year Ford Motor Company was founded. European production started in 1911.


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    • 1 Second Ago
  • 33 Comments
      Dan Frederiksen
      • 8 Months Ago
      yeah, no need to worry about global warming and peak oil. gridlock is where it's at. good priorities Bill
        marcopolo
        • 8 Months Ago
        @Dan Frederiksen
        @DF Bill Ford Jnr was speaking a traffic conference. If you had read his statement, "Ford is not so concerned about auto pollution anymore, because he says the technology is within sight to deal with it. Ford and other automakers are rolling out electric cars and zero-emissions vehicles are the object of every manufacturer. “I believe that in my lifetime, we’re going to largely solve the environmental impact of vehicles,” "Before my great-grandfather introduced the Ford Model T to the masses in 1908, few people traveled more than 25 miles from their homes. Car's gave them the freedom to go anywhere. I'm trying to plan for congestion in order to preserve the freedom. That freedom will be threatened, unless we redefine what personal mobility can be, in a congested urbanized world,” Bill Ford was not just speaking as Chairman of Ford Motors, but a founding Partner in the strategic investment firm, Fontinalis Partners. Fontinalis invests in hi-tech research and development.
      Levine Levine
      • 8 Months Ago
      Bill Ford is the guy who promised "Greener" cars upon taken the helm nearly two decades ago while secretly instructed his auto company to produce some of the dirtiest and gas-guzzling vehicles in the USA: Expedition, Excursion, and Explorer. The guy has no credibility or leadership. Under his command, Ford lost market share and auto design leadership to foreign competitors even on the home turf. Bill Ford neither saw the importance and emergence of hybrid and EV nor fuel economy vehicles. Bill Ford's flaw is not entirely his fault. He is the product of excessive inbreeding within the Equestrian Class of Gross Pointe, Michigan. Despite pleas from family, friends, and corporate managers to resign from the CEO post, Bill's need to service his huge ego and stuborn resistance to step down nearly caused the death of the company. Finally, as the company entered ICU, Bill Ford threw in the towel and Ford's Board hired that skinny guy from Boeing. As a disgrace to the Ford Company, the Ford family, and shareholders, Bill Ford should "sit down and shut up" as his dad once told him during a major shareholder's meeting in Dearborn.
        marcopolo
        • 8 Months Ago
        @Levine Levine
        @Levine Levine Why do you bother ? You have never posted a single positive, useful or accurate comment, ever! I used to be suspicious that you were just one of DF's many alter ego's, but in fact you seem to be a copycat of DF at his most barking mad. Occasionally, DF does post sensible comments, but you never contribute anything but libellous bile !
          2 Wheeled Menace
          • 8 Months Ago
          @marcopolo
          Heh, i actually think Levine is right on. During the Bill Ford legacy, that company put out a lot of cost cutting, poorly engineered, behind the times junk. It wasn't until Mulally stepped in that Ford cars started even competing with the foreign competition, or even got halfway decent fuel economy. Never been a fan of Ford until the late 00's; Mulally really turned it around. But yeah, this is pretty unnecessary bashing on the guy. Doesn't match the Dan writing style. I think i've been on this site since 2007?.. my Dan alarm never went off..
          Chechnya
          • 8 Months Ago
          @marcopolo
          Is he not right? Look at the anti-green vehicles that Ford has created.
          marcopolo
          • 8 Months Ago
          @marcopolo
          @ Chechnya, No, he's not right! What anti-green vehicles did Bill Ford 'create' ? Bill Ford was the first, major auto-industry figure to advocate the development of EV technology. He is the first auto-industry figure to drive a Ford Ranger EV as his personal transport. (he currently drives a Hybrid Electric Escape.) Bill Ford Jnr has personally, (not Ford Motors) provided financial funding for over 30 EV related University R&D projects. During the years when the Ford family lost control of Ford Motors, Bill Ford was widely criticised for his environmental activism, vegetarianism and support for the Democrats. The entire Auto-industry, (including Ford insiders) mocked Bill Ford jnr for his early support of Global Warming/Climate Change science He has received numerous awards from every major environment group, (including Greenpeace) for his environmental activism. Under Bill Ford jnr, Ford was the first automaker to create a vice president for environmental practise. due to Bill Fords influence, Ford Motors is a leader in 'green' industrial practise! Bill Ford, has been in control of Ford Motors since 2001, when he (and the family) finally ousted Jac Nasser. Ford may not be at the cutting edge of EV technology, but that's not Bill Ford's fault. If Bill Ford and his family not wrested back control of Ford Motors, at the risk of their entire personal fortunes, there would be no Ford Motors !. William Ford Snr, is extremely proud of his son, as is his cousin Edsel. Bill Ford snr, and the Ford family, have supported Bill Ford Jnr as Executive Chairmen in the most difficult of circumstances. Bill Ford's strategic and financial determination are legendary within the industry. Probably, the greatest measure of Bill Ford as a man, (and corporate head), was the courage it took to recruit Allan Mulally as CEO. A difficult decision for Bill Ford when he realised that despite winning back family control of Ford Motors, and possessing the strategic vision to avoid bankruptcy and oblivion, he lacked the administrative skill and industrial knowledge, to run an ailing giant corporation. As Alan Mulally has testified, the reason he left Boeing to join Ford was that he was impressed by Bill Ford's sense of duty, to put the business before his pride. Since then the partnership has seen Ford Motors go from near insolvency and 'junk bond' status, to a profitable Auto-manufacturer, not needing a 'bail out' from the US government, and growing stronger every year. Ford is just not in the financial position to invest billions into unprofitable technology! However, Ford has caught up, with Hybrid technology and EV development is next. Oh, and for the last 9 years Bill Ford jnr, donates his salary ($5 Million) as Executive Chairman to create programs for the disadvantaged of Detroit. That's why I find trolls like Levine, odious!
          marcopolo
          • 8 Months Ago
          @marcopolo
          @WM, I think you are confusing Bill Ford with Jac Nasser! Bill Ford took effective control of Ford in 2002. By then Ford Motors had reached a desperate situation.. The company was being sued over the Firestone cover-up, Nasser had stripped out assets and pumped the stock price by paying out dividend from money that should have been used to finance new models. He also used debt to swell the dividends to give his supporters control of the board. The Chairman's position became titular and lacked any authority. By 2002, Nasser and his shareholder supporters were ready to asset strip the Blue Oval and let it die. Bill Ford manged to wrest control of a shipwreck. It's not easy to restructure a corporation the size of Ford. It takes years not months. Between 2002 and 2006, Bill Ford managed to keep Ford out of the hands of predators, and recruit Mulally to implement new policies. It's that strategy that has restored Ford. It's taken 10 years, but Bill Ford jnr has the satisfaction of seeing Ford Motors alive and profitable again. Of course, much of the success in the model line up, and organisation is due to Allan Mulally, But it's very wrong to ignore the role of Ford's Executive Chairman. Oh, and by the way, the Expedition, Excursion, and Explorer, were all introduced by Jac Nasser. in the late 1990's . ( The only vehicle authorised by Bill Ford was the EV Ranger/Hybrid.) Even the smallest checking, proves all of Levine lies, just that, lies! The only story about Bill Ford jnr, that his father relates is when the Ford Rouge Powerhouse an exploded killing several Ford employees, Bill Ford rejected the advice the board, and rushed to the scene, When one his staff cautioned, "Generals don't go out to the front lines." Bill Ford retorted: "Then bust me down to private! " Ford was later praised by the Union and Fire dept. for his 'hands on', tireless assistance throughout the disaster. In contrast, Jac Nasser met with the Banks and Lawyers to design a way to minimise any payout.
          2 Wheeled Menace
          • 8 Months Ago
          @marcopolo
          Damn marcopolo. You win.
          marcopolo
          • 8 Months Ago
          @marcopolo
          @ 2WM Thank you 2WM! Little Marco, smugly trots to the front of the class, redolent with virtue, bends to pick up prize, pants split, class hysterical with sight of 'Tomas Tank Engine ' underwear (Xmas gift form Gran) , departs red faced, and sits outside, cursing cruel fate. 2WM, cycles slowly past........:)
      electronx16
      • 8 Months Ago
      4 billion cars by 2050...just imagine that! Clearly all the shale/arctic/deep sea drilling in the world won't be able to keep up for too long with that sort of growth. So if really that is how Ford sees the future I wonder why their EV program isn't a little more inspired than it appears to be.
        marcopolo
        • 8 Months Ago
        @electronx16
        @electronx16 4 billion cars is a pretty staggering statistic! However, if you accept that scenario, it's not really dependant on what sort of fuel those vehicles use. I mean 4 billion EV's is still an impossible amount of road traffic, don't you think? That's the meaning of what Bill Ford is trying to convey.
      Letstakeawalk
      • 3 Years Ago
      As long as those autonomous vehicles give me a wide berth... I suppose my future phone will have some sort of RFID/GPS that will keep tabs on me, so that either walking or riding a bike (which I'm very likely to continue doing) I'll be visible to the vehicle's systems.
        Sean
        • 8 Months Ago
        @Letstakeawalk
        Any self driving car system that requires all pedestrians and bicyclists to carry RFID/GPS is clearly unacceptable. Fortunately the are such things as cameras and LIDAR so that the automated cars can see people.
          Sean
          • 8 Months Ago
          @Sean
          A system that kills kids who forget to carry their transponders is not acceptable. Thus I am assuming that's not what they mean by "everything fully integrated", but I guess I don't have a good reason to assume these engineers are competent.
          Letstakeawalk
          • 8 Months Ago
          @Sean
          ... but that's not how the Ford system is proposed to work. "...A smart system that ties all modes of travel into a single network linking together public and personal transportation. Pedestrian walkways, bicycles, buses, planes, trains, automobiles – everything fully integrated..." This implies a connectivity for pedestrians and bicyclists, not just a passive reliance on the auto to recognize their presence. Those same camera and LIDAR systems to detect non-vehicular road hazards could just as easily identify vehicular traffic. Ford is proposing an integrated system that relies on interconnectivity, with each road user actively communicating their presence via a telecom network. I don't have the visions of "1984" that some are adverse to, so I'm not going to say that such a system is a bad idea. To the contrary, I'm happy to see that they are planning to integrate pedestrians and bike into the information network.
          Letstakeawalk
          • 8 Months Ago
          @Sean
          Sure, cameras and LIDAR would be needed for other road hazards, like fallen trees or deep water.
        2 Wheeled Menace
        • 8 Months Ago
        @Letstakeawalk
        I'd be happy to leave the USA if it comes down to me having to have a device on my person that tracks my every move, in order to be able to bicycle / walk around safely. That's some Orwellian nastyness right there. Bad enough that drones are slowly being allowed in the United States, to watch it's citizens. They are already flying around in Arizona. And private industry is salivating over the idea of using them.
          Letstakeawalk
          • 8 Months Ago
          @2 Wheeled Menace
          If the cars have vehicle-to-vehicle communication to avoid collisions, then it would be *vital* for other road users (bikes and peds, among others) to have similar devices to communicate their positions to the autonomously-driven vehicles. So, it's kind of all-or-nothing regarding your ability to use public streets safely. Either everything has a location device and the system works, or some people don't have a device and they're considered road hazards and banned from the roads.
          pmpjunkie
          • 8 Months Ago
          @2 Wheeled Menace
          You don't own a mobile phone I hope. Otherwise you're already carrying said device.
          Letstakeawalk
          • 8 Months Ago
          @2 Wheeled Menace
          "I shouldn't have to have it on me when i leave the house." How quaint. What can I say other than that?
          marcopolo
          • 8 Months Ago
          @2 Wheeled Menace
          @2WM Sir, I write to reassure you that there is absolutely nothing sinister about our new 'personal microchip' tracking device with micro camera attachment. It's designed to assist the American family to feel more secure in the modern world. The 'incision' is painless and very fashionable! No one who has nothing to hide should fear this new 'Citizens Aid'. ...We take you have nothing to hide? Hmmm..? Yours in anticipation, The creepy guy who works next to, Mary Ellen Callahan Chief Information Officer U.S. Department of Homeland Security 245 Murray Drive SW, Building 410 STOP-0655 Washington, D.C. 20528-0655
          2 Wheeled Menace
          • 8 Months Ago
          @2 Wheeled Menace
          It's always a little too late to give up your privacy because those who seek to remove it do so slowly; like boiling a frog in a pot. The last 10 years have been pretty sickening to me. And a world that mandates owning a device that will prevent me from being killed by a computer driven car is not one i want to live in. I do have a cell phone, but it is oldschool, very old, and very dumb. I shouldn't have to have it on me when i leave the house.
          Letstakeawalk
          • 8 Months Ago
          @2 Wheeled Menace
          I like driving. I like my bike. My phone already has GPS, my city already has traffic cameras at intersections, my favorite stores all have little bar code scanners, and when I use plastic to pay, my transaction is noted. It's a little too late to be worried about being tracked, because you already are on a daily basis. (sorry to feed your paranoia, but you'll get over it)
          2 Wheeled Menace
          • 8 Months Ago
          @2 Wheeled Menace
          Yup, that's exactly my problem LTAW. I like driving my own car. I like bicycling. I don't like tracking devices. So i'm the crazy outsider.
      DaveMart
      • 3 Years Ago
      Fully autonomous vehicles will radically reduce the need for private cars for most of the world's population, who will live in urban areas, in my view, and congestion considerations will lead the authorities to encourage this. The Taxibus system could be instituted today, so that you phone to be picked up within 3 minutes on the doorstep and taken in a shared vehicle to the exact destination. http://www.taxibus.org.uk/ The costs of public transport are largely wages, with maintenance costs also expensive: 'The most important cost components are the costs of the vehicle crew and the costs of fleet ownership and maintenance. In the bus systems the driver’s wages count for 50-60% of the operating costs, while another 20-25% relate to ownership and maintenance of the vehicles.' http://www.istiee.orgte/papersN3202%20van%20goeverden%20_5-25_.pdf Automation would greatly reduce the costs, and electric vehicles with their low maintenance would also help So the likelihood of anyone in the cities of 2050 driving themselves their own personal car seems remote. The streets o crowded cities can be freed up from parked cars, and with many fewer cars electric bikes may do much of the job not covered by automated shared taxis,buses and trams. The costs of transport is likely to be proportional to its contribution to congestion. None of this is good for Ford and other carmakers hopes of 4 billion or so cars on the road!
      paulwesterberg
      • 8 Months Ago
      More cars will not reduce traffic jams even if they drive themselves. We need systems that can move an order of magnitude more people. That can only be achieved by modernized public mass transit systems.
        Sean
        • 8 Months Ago
        @paulwesterberg
        Our current road system could easily handle 50% more car trips, maybe twice as many trips if cars were driven in an expert and coordinated fashion. Heavy traffic is already bumper to bumper, but it slows down making each car spend more time on the road. There are also significant potential efficiency gains (drafting, not stopping at intersections...)
        2 Wheeled Menace
        • 8 Months Ago
        @paulwesterberg
        Cars just use a massive amount of space to transport 1-2 people. That's a major issue in itself. Major traffic is already bumper to bumper in places like LA. I think self driving cars will lead to a more efficient use of space, but not by enough to really put a dent on things. They also use a massive amount of energy. I think this is all a patch over a much larger problem.
          2 Wheeled Menace
          • 8 Months Ago
          @2 Wheeled Menace
          Cars use a massive amount of energy ALL THE TIME per person! same with electric! 3000lb to transport a 200lb person - this describes the overwhelming majority of driving situations. I came from Portland where the mass transit was king; financial issues aside, those light rail cars definitely got used! Public transport is not the end all to our transportation needs, but don't write it off.
          DaveMart
          • 8 Months Ago
          @2 Wheeled Menace
          Well, 2WM, I've already outlined my thinking, which doesn't favour too many buses or trains on cost grounds and for energy use when they are not full, but in shared robot cars and minibuses would shift many times the number of people per square metre of road space but do it door to door which public transport now doesn't manage. The models I am thinking about are on the lines of Amsterdam rather than Houston, public transport door to door to supplement bikes, feet, and perhaps electric skateboards etc.
          DaveMart
          • 8 Months Ago
          @2 Wheeled Menace
          Public transport uses a massive amount of energy outside of the rush hour per person, as the vehicles usually travel with few people in them. Compared to present usage electric vehicle systems use tiny amounts of actual energy, as long as you are sensible and use nuclear so that the waste heat is not important in creating pollution or solar where the climate works for that. For the US light vehicle fleet to run on electric would take around 100Gwe of power, only around the same size as the present nuclear fleet or around 1/10th of total peak power. That is hugely better than the amount of energy that oil has to put into private vehicles at the moment.
      pmpjunkie
      • 8 Months Ago
      Sharing a self driving car should be a lot easier than with current vehicles. If I had access to such a vehicle why would I keep bying a pile of metal that sits unused for most of the day. I could also see ride sharing to be a better option. A self driving car could bundle routes, i.e. pick me up with another person already in the car, drop the other person off, keep going with me, pick up some other people and drop me off where I need to go. The system will have to ensure however that the car has certain amenities and that I can filter my fellow passengers by attitude, hygiene level etc. This would be like Car2Go on steroids.
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