• May 11th 2011 at 6:03PM
  • 6
Maruti Suzuki Alto

India's government is expected to officially reveal stringent fuel efficiency standards that will go into effect in 2015. According to the Hindustan Times, India's Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards will require automakers to increase fuel economy of gasoline-burning vehicles from the current average of 14.1 kilometers per liter (33.2 miles per gallon U.S.) to 17.3 km/liter (40.7 mpg U.S.) by 2015. In addition, automakers will be required to boost the average fuel economy rating of diesel-burning vehicles from the current level of 36.6 mpg to 46.8 mpg by 2015. Within the new guidelines, vehicles will supposedly be labeled with one to five stars depending upon their overall fuel economy rating.

The Hindustan Times explains that India's:
Draft fuel efficiency standard, based on CAFE, will be notified in May. The draft standard will be CO2 emission of 135 grams per kilometer for entire fleet in 2015. In 2010, the average CO2 emission was 165 gm/km. The draft also provides for further improvement by 2020.
Apparently, some environmental organizations want even stricter standards. For example, Anumita Roy Chowdhury, associate director at India's Centre for Science and Environment, wants India to follow Europe's lead by shooting for 110 g/km of CO2 emission by 2020.

[Source: Hindustan Times via Green Car Congress]

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    • 1 Second Ago
      • 8 Months Ago
      136g/km is more like 33mpg than 40mpg when measured on the US cycle.
      Arun Murali
      • 8 Months Ago
      All our small cars currently achieve 17-23 kmpl in our Test cycle. Even mid size sedans achieve over 15 kmpl. This should be possible even with the existing car line up for most car makers. The reality though is quite different. Most small cars achieve about 10-12 kmpl in city and about 15-19 kmpl on the highway. Mid size cars also achieve about 10-12 kmpl in city and about 16-17 kmpl on the highway. With the exception of my i10 Auto. Which gets about 6 kmpl in City and about 14 on the highway. The car is rated at 15.6 kmpl overall, I cant imagine under which condition did it achieve that number. If the CAFE is based on IDC(Ideal Driving Cycle) test in India. It means nothing. In reality the CAFE standard will be more like 12 kmpl overal (about 27.5 MPG), which is not so far from the US standards. This is true even considering that more than 60% of our cars are small cars(~ 3500mm length and weight average of about 800 kgs). Only about 10% of our market have small SUVs(primarily Mahindra Scorpio) and less than 1% for luxury cars(large SUV's like Toyota Prado/Land Cruiser, Porsche Cayenne, All Mercedes and BMW cars). And almost 80% of the market uses Manual transmission. Our local fuel gives about 30% less efficiency compared to imported equivalents(Shell). On the technology front, most of our cars dont have VVT, its slowly trickling down from the high end vehicles. So I think by 2014 all cars will have VVT. Auto transmission cars are mostly 4 speed(3 speeds have just managed to get out of the market), without a converter lock. We have one diesel engine designed by Fiat in 2007, every car maker uses that engine(gets about 14 kmpl in city and about 17 in highway). Renault 1.5(second generation engine I guess, producing 65 PS) diesel is by far the most efficient engine we have but no on likes the Logan they sell here, so they are mostly used as taxi's. None of our diesel engines have DPF. Many people buy Diesel because its heavily subsidized(diesel at Rs. 45-50/ltr and petrol at Rs.65-70/ltr). So in all possibility, companies now will try to sell more Diesel cars and get VVT to all small cars. More Diesel cars is not a good idea at all. This also means more Bribe to get higher rating for your cars, more stocks to car magazines and the govt officials acting more cocky. Nothing really achieved here.
        Kai F. Lahmann
        • 8 Months Ago
        @Arun Murali
        i10? Hyundai i10? That's rated 20-22 kmpl (depending on engine; diesel doesn't help much on this small ones) in Europe.
      • 8 Months Ago
      Are they planning to use EPA test cycles? Didn't think so. Considering how overstated other testing cycles are (Japanese 10-15 in particular), I'm not sure this means anything.
      • 8 Months Ago
      I think that means tiny little cars.
      • 8 Months Ago
      Maybe the car companies can sell these vehicles in the United States in 2025 when our regulations catch up.
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