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Ford's Human Occupant Package Simulator -- Click above for high-res image gallery

Wishing to sharpen up the eternally imprecise data collected by using with real, live human beings, Ford is apparently the first automaker to use motion-capture software to assist with its vehicle design. The technology, already used to great effect in video games and the film industry, allows Ford engineers to examine how people really move around in their vehicles and, hopefully, design more ergonomic solutions as a result.

In jargon-ese, Ford's system is called the Human Occupant Package Simulator (HOPS). In real life, it means a "human test subject" hooked up to fifty sensors and doing the things he or she would do in a car, "such as swinging a leg outside of the vehicle or reaching for the seat belt." If you've ever seen a video of how EA Sports makes games like Madden or NBA live, you're intimately familiar with the general process.

Combined with Ford's Cave Automated Virtual Environment (CAVE) and Programmable Vehicle Model (PVM), HOPS allows the automaker make a much better vehicle with pixels before it ever has to render it in steel. It should also mean that future Fords will be suitable for orcs, battle droids, humans, and the Na'vi. Follow the jump to read about the tech, and you can see what one of the lucky "human test subjects" looks like in the gallery below.


  • Technical Expert Ksenia Kozak studies the trajectories of research engineer Kevin Pline as he enters the vehicle compartment in the lab. Pline, outfitted with markers that track his body movement, is then questioned on the comfort of the compartment by Research Engineer Gianna Gomez-levi. (12/22/09)
  • Research engineer Kevin Pline, outfitted with sensors that track the movement of his body, is seated in the vehicle compartment in the HOPS lab. The compartment can be reconfigured to represent a wide variety of vehicles and study comfort levels of design. (12/22/09)
  • In the HOPS lab, a human test subject is outfitted with up to 50 motion capture sensors. He will then perform a series of movements while his trajectories are digitally recorded and loaded into a database. The database will be used to create digital human models. (12/22/09)
  • The Human Occupant Package Simulator lab uses motion capture technology to create digital human models, which help engineers determine how people of all shapes and sizes interact with all kinds of vehicle designs. (12/22/09)

[Source: Ford]

PRESS RELEASE

FORD USES HOLLYWOOD MOTION-CAPTURE SOFTWARE BEHIND 'AVATAR' TO IMPROVE VEHICLE DESIGNS

* Ford Motor Company is the only automaker to use the same type of motion-capture software in its virtual engineering labs as Hollywood employs to create such motion pictures as "Avatar," "Lord of the Rings," "Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs" and "Polar Express"
* Ford uses motion-capture software for a variety of automotive applications including the study of human movement for better ergonomics, immersive virtual driving experiences, and virtual manufacturing
* The technology is the latest innovation at Ford to help engineers optimize vehicle design, comfort and ergonomics. The work from this technology is being applied to future products

DEARBORN, Mich., Dec. 22, 2009
– Leaping into the world of virtual engineering, Ford Motor Company now employs the same type of motion-capture technology used to create films like "Avatar," "Lord of the Rings" and "Shrek" to design vehicles that are more comfortable and enjoyable to drive.

Motion-capture, a technology that digitally captures movement, is used by Hollywood computer animators and video game designers to make nonhuman characters appear more lifelike. Ford uses the technology to create realistic digital humans that engineers use to test vehicles in the virtual world. Ford is the only automaker to use motion-capture software in this way for vehicle design.

"Just like in the movies, we hook people up with sensors to understand exactly how they move when they are interacting with their vehicles," said Gary Strumolo, manager, Ford research and engineering. "Once we have all that motion captured, we create virtual humans that we can use to run thousands of tests that help us understand how people of all sizes and shapes interact with all kinds of vehicle designs. It's an incredibly efficient way of engineering tomorrow's vehicles."

Capturing motion in movies and cars
One of the newest ways Ford is using motion-capture technology is through a system called Human Occupant Package Simulator (HOPS), which combines motion-capture software with a special test vehicle to measure and evaluate body motion.

A human test subject is outfitted with up to 50 motion-capture sensors. The test subject performs a series of movements, such as swinging a leg outside of the vehicle or reaching for the seat belt. The markers record trajectories of the test subject's movements. The recordings are then loaded into a database to create digital human models.

Ford engineers use the digital human models to evaluate movement using different virtual vehicle design proposals from a small car to a full-size pickup truck. The system also can be reconfigured to represent the driver and the front, second or even third-row passenger compartments.

The HOPS motion-capture technology allows engineers to apply a more scientific approach to understanding how people interact with vehicles.

"Comfort or discomfort is inherently a subjective measure," said Nanxin Wang, Ford technical leader. "For a given vehicle, some people will say it's comfortable to get in, while others may say just the opposite. The challenge is to find out why people feel that way and how we can change the design to improve the perception.

"Before HOPS, the only way to evaluate a given design was to have people get into a vehicle and tell us how they liked it," Wang continued. "This took lots of time and guesswork. Now we can couple this subjective appraisal with objective measurements of their arms, legs and head movements, along with muscular efforts to quantify movement mathematically. Our design teams use the data as a guide for developing a variety of vehicle platforms that provide optimal comfort, regardless of a person's size or shape."

Creating a holistic experience
Ford also is applying motion-capture animation software to improve real-life driving situations before the first prototype is even built. In Ford's Immersive Virtual Evaluation (iVE) lab, engineers create virtual vehicles complete with exterior views with buildings, intersections and pedestrians.

"This technology enables us to evaluate many vehicle exterior and interior alternatives in a virtual environment from any location – in the driver's seat or hundreds of feet away from the vehicle – with animated characters and vehicles," said Elizabeth Baron, a technical specialist in Virtual Reality and Advanced Visualization at Ford.

Two specialized tools used in the iVE lab are the Cave Automated Virtual Environment (CAVE) and the Programmable Vehicle Model (PVM).

"The CAVE is a room where images are projected in stereo onto three walls and the ceiling to generate real-time, virtual vehicle interiors and exteriors at actual scale," explained Baron. "When you look around, you can see virtually everything inside and outside of a vehicle that is still only a design in a computer."

The PVM, an adjustable physical device that can be scaled to the actual dimensions of a car or truck, provides an even greater realistic experience by adding the element of touch.

"We set up key dimensions – steering wheel, gas, brake, center stack, etc. – and then we put the virtual world around that physical model," said Baron. "Instead of being in a room, you're actually sitting in a representation of the vehicle. You can touch and feel most everything, but what you're looking at is digital."

Both virtual design tools help Ford improve the design aesthetics, engineering and ergonomics of its cars and trucks. They also enable the company to bring products to market faster and more cost effectively.

# # #

About Ford Motor Company
Ford Motor Company, a global automotive industry leader based in Dearborn, Mich., manufactures or distributes automobiles across six continents. With about 200,000 employees and about 90 plants worldwide, the company's automotive brands include Ford, Lincoln, Mercury and Volvo. The company provides financial services through Ford Motor Credit Company. For more information regarding Ford's products, please visit www.ford.com.


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    • 1 Second Ago
  • 16 Comments
      • 5 Years Ago
      It's gonna hurt when they take off those tapes.... :P
      • 5 Years Ago
      Good for Ford about time they got back on the innovative wagon. I really hope out of all the American automakers Ford makes it, I think they really deserve it. They are the only ones showing "hey, we're trying."



      http://www.congratulationsbuddy.com/
      • 5 Years Ago
      VOLVO - this kind of testing is directly from volvo and the kind of work they have
      been doing for years. Yep - you can give ford a lot of credit for buying into volvo.
      but why sell it?
      • 5 Years Ago
      I hope they consider that we don't all have such perfect posture.
      • 5 Years Ago
      His arms don't match the rest of his body.
        • 5 Years Ago
        he's just the prototype. We can improve him- we have the technology.
      • 5 Years Ago
      What the hell is Tobey Maguire doing testing mocap for Ford?
      • 5 Years Ago
      About time! Now let's get the Japanese onboard. I'm only 5'7", but my 90 Corolla's cockpit feels like it was designed for people who are 5'1". Instrument panels, shifter, steering column, etc are all off. No amount of adjustment gives me the right amount of reach.
      • 5 Years Ago
      I don't think he represents the majority of americans. They need a large prostetic mocap gut on him. And his right arm needs to be attempting to unwrap a nacho crunch burrito.
      • 5 Years Ago
      WAY TO GO FORD!




      ...for doing your job. I wish I could issue a press release for doing what I was supposed to do. Soon, Ford will be issuing press releases for every car that they build.

      Ford has the most self-inflated PR department in the world. The arrogance is astounding.
        • 5 Years Ago
        I don't have a PR Department...
        • 5 Years Ago
        Matt, as a member of the engineering community, this is huge! I don't care if it came from Ford, GM, NASA, or McDonald's, the whole fact that someone has come up with this kind of technology to aid in ergonomic design instead of the whole guesswork (i.e. the seatbelts in the 11th gen F-150) has put a huge advantage to automotive design.
        • 5 Years Ago
        "Ford has the most self-inflated PR department in the world. The arrogance is astounding."

        The pot calling the kettle black....again. Moron.
      • 5 Years Ago
      I think that simulated and real driving would get very different mocap information. I don't think it would be unwise to do the mocap in an actual vehicle.
      • 5 Years Ago
      Memo to Ford....LOOK AT YOUR OWN PICTURES!!

      The lower seat cushion is too short. Additionally there is NO support under the guy's legs. A couple of hours sitting like that and the guy in the picture will have a back that is going to be killing him.

      At 6'2" I've been fighting this my entire life. At 6' 5" my son is now dealing with it. It appears most cars are engineered for shorter people. The exception was the early Explorers with the adjustable front cushion, the Recaro equipped 911 I recently sold, and the Volvo that sits in my drive (those Swedes must be tall). The older I get, the more this becomes an issue. Doesn't cost a penny more to design a good seat. At least offer them as an option. You can do better.
      • 5 Years Ago
      I love it, the guy is completely cramped in there. I can't wait until they make cars for tall people.
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