2010 Mercury Milan Hybrid - Click above for high-res image gallery
in an op-ed piece published in the Wall Street Journal,
Alan Reynolds of the Cato Institute starts by making a few decent points about fuel taxation and fuel economy
rules. Unfortunately, he undermines himself with some blatant errors and misinformation. In discussing how Detroit automakers will deal with new fuel efficiency
requirements, he makes the all-too-common mistake of referring to Ford's
hybrid system as licensed from Toyota
("Similarly, Ford has the Toyota-licensed hybrid Fusion
and will soon produce the European Ford Fiesta
The reality is that Ford independently developed its own hybrid system at the same time Toyota was doing its own. The basic architecture of both systems is the same and both are based on the concepts developed and patented by TRW engineers in the late 1960s. When Ford introduced the Escape Hybrid
, Toyota went after the Blue Oval for infringing on its patents. Ford had patents of its own on the technology that Toyota was using. Eventually, the two companies reached a cross-licensing agreement that gives both companies the right to build their own systems. Such cross-licensing agreements are common in these kinds of cases, but Ford did not
use the Toyota hybrid system. The only other company that uses Toyota's system is Nissan
for its Altima
hybrid, and they actually buy hardware from Toyota. We continue deconstructing Reynolds' arguments after the jump
[Source: Wall Street Journal
Photos Copyright ©2009 Sam Abuelsamid / Weblogs, Inc.
Reynolds explains that Toyota can sell big fuel guzzling vehicles like the Tundra
and Lexus LS
because it also sells efficient vehicles like the Yaris
. While this is partly true because the higher mileage of the small cars does offset the higher consumption of the bigger vehicles when calculating the fleet average, there is more to the story. Toyota's big trucks have not been nearly as commercially successful as any of the domestic competitors, including lowly Chrysler
. As a result, there is not nearly as big a penalty to offset. This is even more true for Nissan. The LS
also sells in comparatively small numbers, with only 20,255 units moved in 2008.
The author does give due credit to Ford for its upcoming Fiesta
and Chrysler for the Fiats
it will soon sell, but goes on to trash GM
for the coming Cruze
which no one has driven yet. This is certainly disingenuous since there is no guarantee that the Fiats will be any better than GM's offerings. We've driven the Fiesta
and its a great little car and the new Focus will likely be very good as well.
While the current Aveo
leaves a lot to be desired, it's at the end of its lifecycle and it will be replaced by the end of next year with a new American-built car. The Aveo replacement will be joined by the Spark
which will also help. GM's future lineup looks just as promising as any other automaker at this point until we have a chance to drive them all.
The main point of Reynold's treatise is a complaint about fuel economy standards being an ineffective means to influence fuel consumption. To a large degree he is correct because CAFE has limited influence unless fuel prices also rise. Simply controlling what is supplied by automakers does not guarantee that consumers will buy more efficient vehicles. Reynolds advocates adjusting the taxes
on fuel to make ethanol, gasoline diesel equal at 24 cents a gallon. While the taxes should be adjusted, they need to go substantially higher if they are to have any real impact on consumer behavior. The tipping point, as we saw in 2008, is fuel prices somewhere above $3.50 per gallon. Politicians of course are too spineless to make such a change along with other changes like payroll tax reductions to compensate. Thanks to Reuven for the tip!