• Feb 24, 2008
Using an unmodified Boeing 747, pilots for Richard Branson's Virgin Atlantic have successfully flown from London's Heathrow airport to Amsterdam using a biofuel made of a mix of coconut and babassu oil. This is the first biofueled-airline flight but not the first time an airplane has lifted off on biofuel. Recall BioJet I, for example.
Virgin Atlantic's partners in this event are Boeing, GE Aviation and Imperium Renewables. The joint press release is after the jump. Advisers on the plane were monitoring the one engine that was using the biofuel (the other three were using standard fuel as a safety measure) and other systems to learn how to apply the knowledge to future flights.

Greenpeace apparently called the test flight a "high altitude greenwash" but I'm most curious about how Porsche will react to this news.


Press Release:

Virgin Atlantic Becomes World's First Airline to Fly a Plane on Biofuel

- Virgin Atlantic 747 flies from London Heathrow using biofuel
- Flight partners are Boeing, GE Aviation and Imperium Renewables
- Biofuel contains mix of coconut and babassu oil
- Pioneering flight marks breakthrough in biofuel development

SOUTH NORWALK, Conn., and LONDON, Feb. 24 /PRNewswire/ -- Virgin Atlantic, one of the world's leading long-haul airlines, will today fly one of its Boeing 747 jumbo jets on biofuel from London Heathrow to Amsterdam -- becoming the first airline in the world to fly on renewable fuel. Together with partners Boeing, GE Aviation and Imperium Renewables, Virgin Atlantic is helping to pioneer renewable fuel sources for aviation.

The Virgin Atlantic aircraft, flight number VS811P and registration GV-WOW, will fly using a biofuel composed of babassu oil and coconut oil. These oils are environmentally and socially sustainable. They can both be found in everyday cosmetic products, such as lip balm and shaving cream, and do not compete with staple food sources. In addition, the babassu nuts and coconuts were harvested from existing, mature plantations. No modifications were made to either the aircraft or its engines to enable the flight to take place.

The demonstration flight, piloted by Captain Geoff Andreasen, Virgin Atlantic's Chief Boeing pilot, is due to take off from London Heathrow at 11.30am and arrive in Amsterdam at 13.30 local time. During the flight, technical advisors on board will be taking readings and recording flight data for later analysis.

Commenting on the first ever airline flight using biofuel, Sir Richard Branson, the President of Virgin Atlantic, said:

"Today marks a biofuel breakthrough for the whole airline industry. Virgin Atlantic, and its partners, are proving that you can find an alternative to traditional jet fuel and fly a plane on new technology, such as sustainable biofuel. This pioneering flight will enable those of us who are serious about reducing our carbon emissions to go on developing the fuels of the future, fuels which will power our aircraft in the years ahead through sustainable next-generation oils, such as algae."

In preparation for today's flight, Boeing, GE Aviation and Imperium conducted extensive laboratory and static-engine testing on the ground to evaluate the energy and performance properties of the biofuel used in the flight. The Virgin Atlantic flight is the first step in a broader industry- wide initiative to commercialise alternative fuel sources for aviation and Virgin Atlantic will be sharing the results with those also seeking to cut their carbon emissions in the rest of the industry.

Marlin Dailey, Boeing Commercial Airplane's Vice-President of Sales, Europe, Russia and Central Asia, added:

"Today's flight is a continuation of a journey we embarked on last year with Sir Richard and Virgin Atlantic to identify more sustainable forms of fuel for the aviation industry. Change begins with a vision. Following that, innovation and technologies are essential to proving the feasibility of renewable, alternative fuel sources for an environmentally progressive future of aviation. We commend Virgin Atlantic for their efforts to move that vision forward for the betterment of all of us."

Dr. Tim Held, Manager of Advanced Combustion Engineering at GE Aviation, for GE Aviation, commented:

"The partnership between Virgin Atlantic, Boeing, GE and Imperium Renewables has advanced our understanding of biofuels for aviation applications. Prior to this historic flight, the engine ground testing conducted by GE and CFM International required no hardware modifications to the engine, and the fuels performed as expected. The team entered today's historic flight demonstration with great confidence."

John Plaza, President and CEO for Imperium Renewables commented:

"We're extremely proud to have produced the fuel used today for this historic flight. A successful flight will not only validate the use of biofuels in aviation, but also provide a glimpse into the future of all fuels. Today's biojet fuel offers higher-quality standards and a more sustainable fuel than traditional jet fuel. Additionally it illustrates the potential for "second generation" biojet fuel to be even more viable in the coming years. We're committed to the aviation community and to innovating new and environmentally-friendly alternative fuels."

The results of today's biofuel flight will be analysed by Virgin Atlantic, Boeing, GE Aviation and Imperium Renewables and used for the research and development of next-generation biofuels that can help reduce carbon emissions. Boeing will use the findings from this flight in another demonstration flight later this year.

Babassu oil comes from the nuts of the babassu tree, which is native to Brazil. The fruit of the babassu is used in products such as drugs and cosmetics, and its leaves are used to make roofs and paper, which in turn is used to create folders, bags and soap boxes. Coconut oil is used for a variety of applications including oil for biodiesel. Most coconut plantations are mature and do not contribute to deforestation.

[Source: Virgin Atlantic Airways Ltd., ABC.net.au]



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    • 1 Second Ago
  • 8 Comments
      • 6 Years Ago
      I just wish this was any sustainable. It doesn't sound like it is. It's probably impossible to attains large enough fuel amount to feed the aero (or the auto) industry, and trying to do so will most likely lead to soil exhaustion, I guess. Biofuel doesn't really sound like the answer. Not, for that Hydrogen idea again...

      Carlos Ferreira
      http://www.greencarvalue.blogspot.com
      • 6 Years Ago
      I think Sir Branson has the vision to see this one through. But he must go about it the right way, with a sustainable method of producing biofuel (such as algae); and not be tempted to go the easy route of raping the earth's rainforests for fuel.
      • 6 Years Ago
      Sure, you can make small batches of biofuel from nuts from a Brazilian tree that doesn't take away food from anyone's mouth. The trick is keeping things sustainable for large scale production. How sustainable would it be if the entire aviation industry switched over? How much fuel must be used and emissions created to harvest all these nuts or other bio matter to provide enough bio fuel to supply large industries like aviation? That is where the rub lies with biofuels and few biofuel boosters seem to want to talk about that.
      • 6 Years Ago
      Taser: Branson says Ethanol from corn is sub-optimal; sugar cane is the way to go. IIRC.
      • 6 Years Ago
      And yet Richard Branson poo-poos the attempts to develop the ethanol industry? LOL.

      • 6 Years Ago
      Well done and hope for the better response from the analysts & scientists.
      • 6 Years Ago
      It could be powered by a big green salad for all that it matters, this was just a publicity stunt. The point of biofuels isn't that it's cool to make things run on stuff that grows. The point of biofuels is that you hopefully use less resources than can grow to replace them. When it takes 150,000 coconuts to make one flight of a 747, then you can imagine how devastating that would be to the environment if every plane did the same thing on every flight. It would probably be worse than using Jet A/kerosene.

      And the same is true for any other kind of biofuel we currently have. Yeah, maybe one day we'll have this algae that'll grow so fast that all it'll take is a few giant farms of it somewhere to power all of our aircraft. So wait until we actually have this stuff and then demonstrate that. All this test proved was that you can fly a 747 on 150,000 coconuts, and that doesn't really help anybody.
      http://productive.myokhost.com
      • 6 Years Ago
      If you read through the story, Branson says he is hoping for fuel based on algal sources. This means no use of typical food sources (unless you really like algae).

      There is at least one company developing solar generated fuel from algae. But since you have to prove that these systems will run on that type of fuel before you can make the investment, then it's good that they're using currently available fuels to do tests. That way, when the replacement fuel is available, they'll be ready.

      It seems like Greenpeace just doesn't like the idea of people continuing to make a living while solutions are developed.

      Also, somebody please tell me what powers all their boats that they use to protest with. I hope they are solar powered boats made with hand built solar panels, with hand built hulls with no tar to keep them afloat.

      If not, then could someone tell them to please lay off a bit and give some credit where it's due? Oh wait, I guess I just did.