One of the targets of second-generation biofuels is using what would usually be discarded to produce something to fill up our tanks. Well, good news arrive from the Institut Universitari de Ciència i Tecnologia (Universitary Institute for Science and Technology, IUCT) based near Barcelona, Spain. They have unveiled a method to transform glycerol into that something.
With current methods of producing biodiesel, glycerol is generated as a by-product. The cosmetic and other industries have plenty of this product so sometimes it's burned or thrown away. IUCT's method transforms this glycerol into a biofuel patented by them, named IUCT-S50. This product can be added to biodiesel without altering its properties, so nothing is wasted.

They expect to have a pilot plant working in 12 to 18 months time.

Full press release after the jump

Related:
[Source: IUCT]
THE FIRST SPANISH SECOND GENERATION OF BIOCARBURANTS
The IUCT-S50 biocarburant has come forward a decade before the predictions

In the recent position document (June 2007) issued by the European Association of Bioindustry (EUROPABIO) referring to the biocarburants "Biofuels in Europe and EuropaBio position and specific recommendations", it is mentioned the need for the investment in research and development of second generation of biocarburants, optimizing the use of agriculture prime materials and minimizing the socioeconomic impact produced by the present biocarburants

The same report indicates that a minimum of 5-10 years are required for the development of a second generation of biocarburants based on the use of a more diverse biomass compare with the present biomass used for this propose

IUCT has move forward a decade the proposed date since it has discover, after a long research and discovery process, a new biocarburant (IUCT-S50) for diesel engines, which represent the beginning of this second generation of biocarburants.

This biocarburant is based in the possible maximum utilization (100%) of the used biomass in the biodiesel manufacturing. IUCT-S50 is fully compatible with classical biodiesel, at the same time of an additive with it, since it allows the optimization of the investment carried out in the first generation biodiesel manufacturing plants.

IUCT-S50 Strategy
During the biodiesel manufacturing a byproduct/residue, namely glycerin, is generated. This glycerin was quite useful when the number of biodiesel plants were few, and it was possible to be sold increasing, then, the yield of the manufacturing plant. However, currently and in the near future (Where so many biodiesel manufacturing plants are under construction), society is unable to absorb the tones and tones of glycerin (glycerol) produced in this process, dramatically lowering the prize of the products up to a point that glycerin has become a residue because it has not being possible to be sold event at the prize of its calorific value, hence doping the yield of the biodiesel plants.

Residual glycerin obtained in the process of biodiesel manufacturing represent 10% of the weight of the prime material used. As this 10% of the biomass is considered lose, as it is not integrated in the biocarburant. IUCT-S50 is obtained from this residual glycerin based in an industrial scale viable manufacturing process without any other byproduct generated.

IUCT-S50 is based in the integration of the 100% of the renewable prime materials used in its manufacturing. Furthermore, it uses the residual biodiesel generated in the classical biodiesel production. Therefore, if an IUCT-S50 plant is installed close to a classical biodiesel plant the global yield will be increased, since all the income biomass (oil) will be transformed in biocarburants (part biodiesel part IUCT-S50). Consequently, we are introducing a new second-generation biocarburant that optimize the use of the agrarian prime material and, hence, minimizing the socioeconomic impact.


IUCT has been more than 7 years researching in the field of biodiesel and in the residual glycerin derivatives, which meant a great investment in the R&D to develop IUCT-S50, reaching more than 7 millions of € between the direct cost of the project, the pre-existence know-how needed to obtain the current results and the pre-industrial development.

This discovery has been properly protected to be internationally exploited through a world patent, allowing IUCT to exploit this discovery in a great number of countries from the 5 Continents.
This discovery has a great international impact, proved by the fact that it has been currently negotiating technology exploitation and transfer agreements with some of the most important petrol companies in Europe and Spain, as well as with important United State investors to transfer manufacturing and commercialization rights of IUCT-S50 regionally in different markets

On the other hand, IUCT is completing the pre-industrial development phase to ensure the maximum quality and efficacy of the product within the next 9-18 month.


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