According to the European Comissary for Development, Louis Michel, some of these countries may need foreign public (namely the EU) and private investment for developing sustainable technologies able to compete in the biofuel market. Michel specifically addressed the responsibilities with tropical forests and peasant conditions.
Some might raise concerns about local production in the face of imports. Michel affirmed that in any case, local production will keep a share of the market although the future in biofuels is the second generation (cellullosic, for instance) with raw materials not coming from food sources.
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