• May 8, 2007

click the above image to view our tour of the Bowling Green Assembly Plant

Across the street from the National Corvette Museum is the Bowling Green Assembly Plant. Located in the green wilds of central-southern Kentucky, it proudly proclaims itself "Home of the Corvette and XLR." Fifty thousand tourists tread the green painted walkway of the factory tour every year to see how that American icon, the Corvette, is made. It is the only place in the world where Corvettes and XLRs are created. Follow the jump to read about the plant and see the pics from our recent factory tour.




click on any image to enlarge

The Corvette plant took up residence in Bowling Green from St. Louis in 1981, replacing a factory that previously made Chrysler air-conditioning units. Previous to that, Corvettes had been made in St. Louis from the second year of their existence, 1954. The Bowling Green factory, updated again in 1996 for C5 production, covers 250 acres, has 1,200 workers, and makes up to 170 Corvettes and 16 XLRs every day on a single shift that goes from 6:12 AM until 2:42 PM.

The plant doesn't manufacture any of the parts for either car -- as its title implies, it only assembles the parts. Each car is also produced to order, either for a dealer or a customer. Base Corvette rails are placed at the beginning of the line and welded by robots at the plant. The Z06 rails, being aluminum and in need of a different welding process, are put together at the Dana plant and then sent to Bowling Green. The only difference between the Corvette and XLR rail assemblies are a few sets of pins, in pairs, that are connecting points for the XLR roof.

Each assembly station on the line has an "address" posted on a sign. A lightboard called an Andon board keeps track of how production is going for the various assembly stations, with goal and actual numbers produced. If a station falls behind, it is quickly apparent on the board. Roaming managers oversee progress at the stations, and if a station needs assistance, it can remove the address sign or ring the bell, and help will be on the way.

Incredibly, we were allowed to go into the paint room, which isn't usually part of the tour. To go in, you need to be "crater tested," in which your person is tested to see if things like your hair or your deodorant will adversely react with the paint. After that, you put on your hairnet and overalls and step into a sealed room that has walls lined with blowholes. There, blasts of air make sure that no dust or other particles remain on your shiny blue protective suit. Inside the paint shop, a complete set of Corvette body panels mounted on armatures wind their way through the painting cells. Outside, a man randomly tests the thickness of the paint, which requires a special machine since the body panels aren't made of metal. The panels then go through the finesse area, where they're checked for perfection, and any that aren't perfect are pulled off to be fixed. A team attempts to repair any blemishes, and if they can be fixed, the parts are remounted on the armatures. If not, they go away.

While the bodies are busy being prettified, the engines, which were delivered assembled from another plant, are mated to the rest of the powertrain and the suspension. When the finished body panels mounted on their frames come around, they slowly descend onto the completed "bottom" of the car, sitting on a "towveyer," and the marriage is consummated. After that, the final details are attended to, the wheels and wings are affixed, and the car touches the ground for the first time. A final check in a lightroom verifies everything is in order, and voila: you have a Corvette (or Cadillac XLR).

If you want to be involved in the process, you can go watch your car being made. Or, once you have bought your car, you can tell the factory exactly what you think about it via the Owner Feedback Program, which has been so successful it will be expanded to other GM brands.

Bowling Green Assembly Plant Facts:

  • The plant is over one million square feet under roof, or the equivalent of 22 football fields.
  • The Bowling Green plant assembles more than 35,000 Chevrolet Corvettes and 4,000 Cadillac XLRs per year.
  • Production each day ranges from 150 - 170 Corvettes and approximately 16 XLRs.
  • There are 387 suppliers from which the plant receives 1,376 parts.
  • Seventy-seven percent of the car is made in the USA and Canada.
  • From start to finish, each Corvette spends approximately 36 hours winding seven miles of conveyor systems in the plant.
  • In the paint department, body panels spend ten hours winding two miles on a conveyor system.
  • Body panels receive three coats of paint: primer, color and clear coat.
  • Corvette and XLR body panels are composite fiberglass, except for the front and rear bumpers, which are urethane.
  • The Cadillac XLR is built on a separate line from the Corvette. They share the same frame and both use fiberglass body panels.



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    • 1 Second Ago
  • 23 Comments
      • 7 Years Ago
      I've tourned the BG Assembly Plant numerous times, but took the Buyer's Tour on May 1 and would highly recommend it. The tours are coordinated through the National Corvette Museum and my tour guide was a very knowledgeable retired BG Assembly Plant worker.

      The plant was clean, well-organized and efficient. And it was unusual if the workers you'd encounter as you watched them put your car together didn't give you a warm and genuine "thank you" for buying your Corvette.

      • 7 Years Ago
      We finished the tour and the guy that got to start the end car was pretty happy. I was last in the group and just about to turn the corner and I stopped and looked back at the car. I asked my Wife if she liked the orange red color? That is when the QC lady took a 2X6 about 18 inches long ( Covered in fabric) and placed it just in front of the hood
      She took a 2 LB hammer and smacked the front cover down about 3 times, then did it again with pretty good whacks. I said the new owner would be proud to the attention of detail his car was receiving.
      • 7 Years Ago
      Fascinating! Thanks for posting.
      • 7 Years Ago
      You forgot one of the best parts! Each 'vette is dyno tested after rolling off the assembly line(you can watch on the tour, with a screen that shows horsepower, torque and speed), and also one is picked off the line every several cars for a quick test drive around bowling green for QA purposes. Or at least they used to do that, haven't been on a tour there since the C5 days.
      • 7 Years Ago
      I'm in love again
      • 7 Years Ago
      5-11-07
      Great pics of the Bowling Green Plant. I've had about ten plant tours over the past 12 years, and it's always exciting. The workers are a great bunch generally, and I've had parts of my C5 signed by a buch of UAW folk (when I walked with it for 2 1/2 hours in production). When you have a "complete" personal tour, you see the back outside with dozens of parked ready-to-deliver Corvettes. I have a 2005 C6 now, and have owned five other Vettes dating back to 1967 vintage.

      Greatest bargain on the planet!!
      Ben K.
      • 7 Years Ago
      Bowling Green is a showcase for the Corvette. But, the fact remains most consumers can't afford a Corvette. The activities, tours and museum are a great way to market an American icon. Heritage car fans and consumers of the Camaro deserve the same benefits. Camaro will sell three times as many cars a year and have a bigger following. GM should take advantage of the situation and build Heritage cars in the U.S.A. Musclecars still have a huge fan base and the only way to tap it's full potential is to have events at the factory. Harley Davidson's revival has unlimited possibilities and so do Heritage cars. Camaro's and Firebird's were built in Norwood, Ohio and Van Nuys, CA until production was moved to St. Therese, QB in 1993. Fans of the new Camaro won't enjoy the factory connection since it will be assembled in Oshawa, ON. GM should reconsider, an idled GM/OKC plant would be an ideal location for any Heritage car. Located in the heartland, with easy access on I40,I35 & Route 66, fans from all over the U.S. could have the same enjoyment as Bowling Green. OKC has been idled 15 months, when midsize SUV sales slowed down due to gas prices. OKC was on of GM's top assembly plants in the U.S., winning several J.D. Powers awards during it's 27 year history. The state of Oklahoma has offered $200 million to retool the plant. The local union offered $143 million in annual cost reductions with a new agreement. Maybe the GTO, G8 or ElCamino could find a good home in OKC. Loyal GM followers deserve the best from the General.
      • 7 Years Ago
      Man that place is messy. I couldn't help but think of those pictures of the VW/Audi factories where there is barely anything around.
      • 7 Years Ago
      Cluttered with what? Parts racks? Air hoses? Or are you complaining about the workers' stereo and lockers at some stations? Seriously, what in that plant should not be there?

      www.cafepress.com/lutz
      • 7 Years Ago
      Americans still built cars?!?
      • 7 Years Ago
      Dano, If you think stuff like that happen only at a American plant you must be wearing your japanese glasses and probably couldn't say anything to change that.
      • 7 Years Ago
      How does one apply to transfer to this plant? Sure I'd have to move from Canada but it would be worth it. I'd much rather build the Corvette than the Equinox.
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