India President outlines energy independence plan
India's partnership in the US FutureGen project to create the first zero emission fossil fuel plant was also highlighted. When operational, the prototype will be the cleanest fossil fuel fired power plant in the world.
On the transportation side, Dr. Kalam went on to say that India presently imports around 100 million tonnes of crude oil with a foreign exchange outflow of Rs. 1,50,000 Cr. per annum (nearly US $34 billion). This will rise to 300 million tonnes of imports by 2030 at present growth rates. Plans to reduce these imports include producing ethanol and biodiesel for blending at levels of 30 percent to 40 percent with petrol and diesel respectively. Biodiesel is set to be produced from 20 million hectares of Jatropha Curcas plantations, which is one third of the present waste land available in the country where Jatropha can be planted. At the same time though, he urged that research continue on future technologies like hydrogen.
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